Sociology 101- Class Notes for 2/18/16
Sociology 101- Class Notes for 2/18/16 SOC101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophia Mattera on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC101 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Richard Fey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arizona State University.
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What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 02/22/16
SOC101 Class Notes 2/18/16 Social Stratification Social Stratification: A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a social hierarchy I.e. age, gender, etc. Is it a trait of society o Does not reflect individual differences, but society’s structure It persists over generations o Social mobility happens slowly It is universal o While universal, it varies in type It involves equality in belief system Socioeconomic status (SOE) o Often tied to that placement in society We end up seeing people differently because of their stratification Caste System o Based on Ascription; born into it If you are born rich or poor, you are stuck in that class system Birth determines social position in 4 distinct ways 1. Occupations 2. Endogamy is practiced 3. Social life is restricted 4. Belief systems are often tie to religious dogma Lack of mobility In India: you are going to do what your father does for an occupation, being born a woman means that you are raised to be a wife, but not to work Endogamy: you have to marry someone in your same socioeconomic background and skin tone; varying within the same social demographics Lack of mobility You stay with your own “kind”, you don’t go to restaurants or such in a poor area Karma or such determines your status, tied in to your religion as your fate, and will come back reincarnated better in the next life Class System Class system: A system based on individual achievement Inequality as in caste system, but social mobility is possible Everyone has access to o Education o Job opportunities o An “even playing field” System is based on the ideals of “meritocracy” o You get what you deserve o If you work really hard, you will get rewarded Equal opportunities, but not equal rights to A female could choose to stay home, but she does not have to in a class system. I.e. In the United States, there are more women in college and in the workforce than men. Why stratification (The Davis-Moore perspective) Thesis o Stratification has beneficial consequences (its functional) for the operation of the U.S. Key points o Members of society have needs o Some statuses in society are more important than others when it comes to seeing to needs o To attract the best qualified and to give of their time, effort, and energies, rewards must be significant in nature (income, prestige, power) o Ie. School districts with better funding attract teachers that graduated higher in their class The Class System (in the U.S.) The Upper Class o 5% of the population The Middle Class o 45% of the population The Working Class o 30% of the population The Lower Class o 20% of the population The Upper Class The upper-uppers o The blue bloods o Membership almost always based on ascription o They are set apart by the amount of wealth their families control o Much of their time devoted to community activities o The have “old money” o 150,000-200,000+ The lower uppers o The working rich people o The “new rich” o Can still find themselves excluded from certain organizations and clubs The Middle Class The middle-uppers o 50-100,000 yearly income o Education is important o High occupational prestige o Involvement in local politics Average middle o Less prestige in occupation o Few white collar, or high skilled blue collar jobs o Income provides modest security o College kids usually attend state-sponsored colleges o Average is in the 35-55,000 yearly income The working Class 15-35,000 annual income Routine tasks and less satisfaction in their jobs Fewer children go to college (only one third) Sense of fatalism to bring about change in their lives Must look down to feel good about themselves o “at least I have a job” The lower class Lack of full time work; little income Limited schooling: nearly functionally illiterate Children feel impact of label and see little hope for future Welfare may be viewed as only hope