ARH 252, Week 4 Notes
ARH 252, Week 4 Notes ARH 252
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Anna Dietz in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Art History in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
WEEK 4 NOTES Figure 4-9, Spring Fresco, from Thera, ca. 1650-1625 BCE Volcano erupted 1600 o Ashes preserved the wall paintings Common place fresco Essentially a landscape Brightly colored About nature Figure 4-1, Sarcophagus, from Hagia Triada, ca. 1450-1400 BCE Funerals not as important as in Egyptian culture Limestone tomb Vibrant colors Scene refers to burial practices Focus on panel o Right side: dark skinned male bringing gifts to the deceased’s tomb o Left side: women are offering to the goddess in some sort of ceremony Pouring ox’s blood o Some kind on musical accompaniment Composite view Pottery on Crete Subject matter was mostly marine life Vibrant colors Figure 4-12, Snake Goddess, ca. 1600 BC and Figure 4-13, Young God, ca. 1500 BC 1 ft. tall No larger-scale sculpture have been found Representing gods and goddesses in human form o Snake goddess and young god Snake: silicate glass Young: type of ivory Figure 4-14, Harvester Vest, from Hagia Triada, ca. 1500-1450 BC Sculpted relief Would have been covered in gold leaf Movement and singing o Celebrating a good harvest Mycenaean Art Heinrich Schliemann, late 1800s o Started excavating in Greek Mainland o Guided by Homeric epics o He was German o Questionable practices, amateur People living on mainland dependent on Minoan’s Figure 4-15, Citadel at Tiryns, begun ca. 1400-1200 BCE Fortified, huge walls, 20 ft. thick o Stone Slightly elevated “Tiryns of the great wall” o Referenced to in the Iliad Walls has passage ways through them Figure 4-16, Corbeled gallery in the wall of the citadel, ca. 1400-1200 BC Huge rocks Angled to make walkway Corbeled vault o Stones in rows then angled so that it supports itself Figure 4-17, different methods of spanning a passageway Post and lintel o Stonehenge Corbel Arch o Happens in medieval times Figure 4-18, plans of the citadel Lots of fighting Single approach ramp and single main gate Megaron o Heart of the palace o King’s throne room o Paintings on ceiling and walls, tiles o Hearth center, surrounded by 4 columns o Symmetrical, simple, mathematical proportions Cyclopean Masonry Figure 4-19, Loin Gate, ca. 1300-1250 BC Limestone Relief 2 lions? o Possibly a relief sculpture Relieving triangle Figure 4-20, Treasury of Atreus, ca. 1300-1250 BC Actually a tomb Beehive shaped Similar to Lion Gate Figure 4-20, inside of the Treasury of Atreus, Corbel dome Largest domed space until Pantheon No interior support Grave Circle, Mycenae, ca. 1600 BC Predates the walls Kings and queens burial ground Each grave had gold objects in them Figure 4-22, Funerary Masks from Grave Circle A, ca. 1600- 1500 BCE Couldn’t be the Death Mask of Agamemnon Made of gold Repose o Beat the gold form behind in order to recreate the feature Figure 4-26, Warrior Vase from Mycenae, ca. 1200 BC Composite view Shows warriors heading off to battle Geometric and Orientalizing Art, ca. 900-600 BCE Increase in cultural production Reintroduction of Human figure and of story telling Figure 5-3, Hero and centaur, ca. 750-703 BCE Bronze Mythological story Composite creature o Centaur was created by the Greek o Very early representation; has changed over the years Hierarchy of scale o Hero is taller than the centaur Nude male figure o First time seeing nudity In geometric period o He is simplified Figure 5-6, Statue of a woman, ca. 650-624 BCE In oriental period “Lady of Aurorae” 3ft in height, limestone The woman is clothed Simplified form Statue in the round Squares on the skirt o Geometric pattern leftover from the proceeding period Hands are very elongated Some of the style is adopted and adapted from Egyptian culture, Daedolic style Traces of paint on her Archaic Art Ca. 600-480 BCE Figure 6-7, New York Kouros, ca. 600 BCE Sculpture in the round Heroic nudity Kouros: male youth o Kore: female youth, virgin He is in the Met Functions o Grave marker o Very based on Egyptian stance o Geometric, daedolic style Figure 5-9, Kroisos, ca. 530 BCE Kouros More detailed, rounded His face is more natural looking Smiling o Archaic smile, indicative of life and vitality Good for identifying Archaic style Figure 5-10, Peplos Kore, ca. 530 BCE Not actually a Kore, really is a goddess o Different types of cloths, subtle distinctions Used to be painted o Kouros are not as decorated as the Kore because they are naked Classical Art Ca. 480-323 BCE Early, 480-450 High, 450-400 Late, 400-323 Figure 5-34, Kritios boy, from Acropolis, Athens, ca. 4800 BC One of the earliest Classical sculptures Different leg forward More naturalistic formation of the body Medium: marble Anatomically correct stance Contrapposta pose o Weight shift, natural relaxed stance Looking off at something Life-Size hollow cast Bronzes Figure 5-35, Paice Warrior, ca. 460-450 BCE, and Figure 5-38, Zeus, ca. 460-450 BCE Lots of movement Contraposto pose These sculptures were melted down during the Middle Ages
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