2-22-16 PSYC 110 - 008
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Webb on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Psychology 2/22/2016 Memory Long Term Memory Relatively enduring retention of stored information regarding our facts, experiences, and skills GRAPH Permastore type of longterm memory that appears to be permanent Often based on the meaning of the information, which helps it stuck Types of Longterm Memory Explicit recalled with intention and effort two kinds *semantic knowledge of facts (e.g. capital of Tennessee) *episodic knowledge of events in our lives (e.g. first kiss) Implicit recalled without intention or effort, we don’t mean to remember it two kinds *how to do thing (e.g. tie shoes, ride a bicycle) priming *ability to detect a stimulus more easily and quickly after encountering a similar stimulus 3 Processes of Memory Methods for turning shirtterm memories to longterm memories Types: encoding storage retrieval Encoding Process of getting information into our memory banks Requires focused attention on stimulus Mnemonics helping with encoding e.g. algebra mnemonic Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally Storage Process of keeping information in memory Schemas organized knowledge structure or mental model that we’ve stored in memory Retrieval Process of reactivating or reconstructing experiences from our memory stores 3 Kinds recall *generating previously remembered information recognition *selecting previously remembered information from an array of options relearning *reacquiring knowledge that has been previously learned, but forgottern *quicker then learning for first time Retrieval cues help with retrieval hints that make it easier to recall information Context dependent learning better retrieval when in same environmental conditions as when information was learned State dependent learning better retrieval when in same physiological or psychological state as when information is learned