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2444 Sports History

by: Holly Melton

2444 Sports History 2444

Marketplace > East Carolina University > History > 2444 > 2444 Sports History
Holly Melton

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Here are week 4 lecture notes, Modernization of American Sports. Please share if you find my notes useful and check back each week :)
History of Sports in Western History
Class Notes
history, Sports History, 2444
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Melton on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2444 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see History of Sports in Western History in History at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
Modernization of American Sports Modernization of American Sports from the Civil War to World War I  Before the U.S Civil war American sports were pre-modern th th  Most sports became modern during late 19 and early 20 century, these developed into well-organized big businesses  What made the sports modern were rules, competition, organization, role differentiation, statistics and records, and public information  Pre modern sports: loosely organized, arrived spontaneously, rules are unwritten, and matches are local  Baseball players specialized as pitchers, fielders (in or out), short stops, and catchers  Ball parks were built  The National Police Gazet was used to promote games  Baseball National League and tennis was formed  Henry Chadwick came up with box score which his bases for statistical analysis Modern Boxing Emergence th  Boxing started in the late 19 century, it offended Victorians and was illegal  Prize fighting was between respectability and disrespectability  Was the first sport along with baseball to become modern  Prize fighting was more of a blood sport, caused riots, and eye gouging was important  Bare knuckled fights lasted dozens of rounds and eye gouging was encouraged  Jake Kilrain and John L. Sullivan had the last bare knocked fight  Richard Kyle Fox took over the National Police Gazette in 1877 and turned it into a tabloid newspaper aka “Barbers Bible”  Fox also publicized prize fighting, he was known as the “Don King” of his day, created the different weight classes and many rules that are the same today  James Corbett was nicked named “Gentleman Jim” because of his clean cut look  Fought for a $50,000 purse in New Orleans Muscular Christianity  Victorians frowned upon sports before the Civil War but after the war the Victorians came to like the sports due to their modern nature  Muscular Christianity-originated in Britain in 1850s and spread to North America, social gospels believed in the spirit, mind, and body. This was believed that signified the 3 components of a fully developed person  Protestant and Catholics believed sports brought souls back to god  Young Mens Christian Association (YMCA)- founded in England in 1844 and reached America in 1841  Y-gave immigrants a refuge  UMCA spread quickly because it encouraged all kind of sports A Sport With a Mission: Basketball  YMCA brought Basketball to play  Amos Alonzo Stagg and James Naismith taught at the YMCA  In 1891 the academy director asked Naismith to create a game the students can play at the end of Football season and Baseball season  Naismith invented Basketball and the students loved the sport from the beginning  Naismith became the first basketball coach at Kansas University  Basketball spread rapidly because it required little space and required a small team size, simplicity, and the YMCA outpost Theodore Roosevelt and the “Strenuous Life”  Sports had self-control, leadership, discipline, and tough mindedness which represented Muscular Christianity  “The Strenuous Life” images of difficult athletic competitions help prepared Americans for the economic and international battles  Theodore Roosevelt served as the “Strenuous Life” most opponent  Roosevelt was a scrawny child and grew to a fit man and it symbolized the rapidly growing nation  TR played many different sports throughout his life  Roosevelt idealized sports known as the “Strenuous Life”, he wrote a book saying that men should participate in strenuous sports to prepare men for the upcoming battles in the nation and at home Exclusive Sports Clubs and the Code of the Amateur Athlete  Sports were very exclusive due to class, race, and sex  The Amateur Athlete union was founded in 1888 to regulate competition and force the gentleman amateur  Country clubs served rich people and allowed many sports to be played  The United States Tennis Association founded in 1881 and the United States Golf Association founded in 1894 established rules, set entrance fees and arose to regulate competitions held at the country club  The Country clubs existed to promote physical health and social status, the elite can play sports to show their social status  The Amateur creep insisted on strict amateurism and rejected commercialization in “Gentleman sports”  Amateur Athlete was to segregate the ones who were not able and do not qualify to play a certain sport The Triumph and Tragedy of Jim Thorpe  Poor Native American who powered the Carlial Indians to the upset of army on the football field in 1912 and in 1912 he won the pentathlon and decathlon. Named the worlds greatest athlete at that time  In 1913 a newspaper reported that Thorpe played for a baseball minor league team and earned money  The Amateur Athletic Union and the American Olympic Comity stripped Thorpe of his Olympic title because he was Native American and played for money  He turned to alcoholism, divorced twice, and died in the 1950s


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