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ARH 300 Notes Feb. 3rd 2016

by: Audrey Pontin

ARH 300 Notes Feb. 3rd 2016 ARH 300

Audrey Pontin
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

Notes from week four, February 3rd 2016
Egyptian Art
Nicholas F. Hudson
Class Notes
Khafre, Triad, Menkaure, pyramids of Giza
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 300 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Nicholas F. Hudson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Egyptian Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.

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Date Created: 02/22/16
The following ARH 300 notes are taken from Dr. Hudson’s lecture on Feb. 3 2016. Egyptian Art: Old Kingdom: Pyramids of Giza  Khufu (2589­2566 BC) o Pyramid of Khufu, a.k.a. “The Great Pyramid”  Statue of Hemon, cousin of Khufu resides in pyramid  ca. 1,300,000 blocks  average ca. 2.5 tons each  base covers 13 acres  Entrance leads to the “Grand Gallery”: narrow tall corridor/ stairway  Downward leads to false tomb to trick tomb robbers  Up leads to the Queen’s chamber  Contains box holding sarcophagus made of same stone as chamber o Red granite; only available in Aswan  Khafre (2558­2532 BC): son of Khufu o Pyramid of Khafre  Smaller than Khufu, but hold optical illusion of appearing bigger  Tip of Pyramid was to be of white, glistening stone The following ARH 300 notes are taken from Dr. Hudson’s lecture on Feb. 3 2016.  Resides next to “The Great Sphinx”  Carved out of bedrock  Human­headed lion o Lion: symbol of pharaoh and kings power over the lands  Constant repairs done to statue  Missing nose and false beard  22 statues reside in funerary temple of Kharfre o Made of gneiss: hard limestone  Menkaure: son of Khafre, grandson of Khufu o Pyramid of Menkaure  Pyramids highlights sense of unity between Upper and Lower Egypt through o Rulers o Funerary sites o Resources o Laborers The following ARH 300 notes are taken from Dr. Hudson’s lecture on Feb. 3 2016.  Khafre o Khafre statue/sculpture:  Resides in Temple of the Sphinx  King seated full frontal on throne  Throne with lion posts  Eye level and posture show disengagement from viewer and mortal world  Khafre equivalent with Egyptian god Horus  Flacon of Horus embraces Khafre’s head  King wears head cloth and false beard  Physically fit showing strength reminding world he is a strong leader and  has divine authority.  Feet face forward in same direction as eyes  Limbs connected to torso through blocking, no spaces in between  Cobra crown: uraeus; cobra with head flared  Thin band of gold commonly appearing in shallow relief  Cobra represents Goddess Wadjet (Lower Egypt) o As seen on King Tut funerary mask: cobra and vulture=  Nekhbet (upper Egypt) o Cobra commonly found in the Delta  Still kind of Upper and Lower Egypt, prefers Lower Egypt through uraeus  Throne decoration: underneath chair  Depicts plant matter in stylized versions: o Lotus plant (Upper Egypt) o Papyrus plant (Lower Egypt) o Both plants symbolize unity of Egypt under the king o Knot in the middle of plants= symbol for king, highlighting power and hold of the two divisions o Right hand in fist that once held scepter of authority while  left hand lays flat on thigh o Sculpture made of Gneiss/dicrite of Nubia  Strong economic control, source of gold and stone  Most likely painted to enhance details, no pigments  survived  Menkaure (2532­2504) o Funerary temple connected to Valley/Temple of Menkaure by long cause way o Three mini pyramids outside main temple: pyramids of Queens o Temple holds statue of Hathor and Menkaure in form of a triad  Hathor Goddess of love, mother figure and consort of Horus  Appears large while sitting  Hathor has arms around Menkaure’s abdomen  Smaller figure on left: nome of Upper Egypt  Nome: representative of Egypt The following ARH 300 notes are taken from Dr. Hudson’s lecture on Feb. 3 2016.  Female with standard of hare nome behind her  Another reference to upper Egypt through white crown on Menkaure’s  head  Hare nome holds ankh  Ankh: symbol of life  Text on floor of triad where figures feet stand  Text represents the granting of Horus to Menkaure of all power  and divine gifts of Upper Egypt  Another statue/triad  Similar in showing Menkaure as larger figure surrounded by  Hathor and nome with a different standard  Walking­non­walking pose in triad statues show divine posture  None royal figures + feet together  Menkaure and Khamerernebty  The Queen holds Menkaure like Hathor in triad, hands around his  torso


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