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ARH 300 notes for Feb. 8th & 10th

by: Audrey Pontin

ARH 300 notes for Feb. 8th & 10th ARH 300

Audrey Pontin
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

Notes from Feb. 8th & 10th.
Egyptian Art
Nicholas F. Hudson
Class Notes
Menkaure, Rahotep, Court Official
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 300 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Nicholas F. Hudson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Egyptian Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
The following ARH 300 notes were taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on Feb. 8 & 10, 2016. Egyptian Art  Menkaure and Khamerernebty o Khamerernebty holds Menkaure like Hathor in other triads, with one arm around waist, the other on his left arm.  Highlights Her support for her husband as they need each other to rule. o Triad formed through abrasion with sandstone to create smooth surfaces. o Hard lines articulate features; sharp and unnatural o Less formal schematic design of human body  o Hair of Queen appears artificial, making it clear she is wearing a wig as her natural hair line peeps out from under wig. o Absence of where the Queen’s dress starts  Dress would have been painted on in original context o Canon of proportions: set of rules of how the anatomy of a body is to be laid out   A fist is used as a unit o Both figures left foot forward in walking­on­walking pose: importance  o Elegant posture with chins high  Court official and wife (4  Dynasty) o No direct canon used  Heads too big for bodies  Man and woman are different heights  Emphasizes sexual dimorphism as all humans have different proportions. o Smaller figure not in same social standing/not as important as taller figure. o Yet equality is present in this marriage o Means of support as court official drapes arm around wife’s neck. o Appear more grounded o Court official wears no headdress and wears a common quilt. o Triad is made from limestone and is covered in a thin layer of plaster that is then  painted.  Rahotep (“Son of the King”) and wife Nofret o Probably son of Snefru  Builds mastaba and not pyramid as he never is considered king  Mastabas always part of larger necropoli, never isolated. The following ARH 300 notes were taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on Feb. 8 & 10, 2016. o Resided in Meidum (Lower Egypt)  Same place as stepped pyramid of Huni o Rahotep pose similar to that of Djoser sculpture o Colors vibrant o Rahotep Mastaba:  Doorway depicts tasks of laborers as they interact with livestock and harvest.  Relief  Depicts funerary offerings from the dead  Offering table o Floating above table is a simple list of offerings as one would expect to be presented to the deceased. o List on far right is an extended list of offerings o Not meant to be a functional piece of art  Wall paintings  Usually scenes of agricultural production/process, capturing  livestock  More detail treatment in terms of painting animals opposed to  human laborers o i.e. fowl o All products of the Nile, fertilizing the lands  Court associate sculpture: “Seated Scribe”­ Saqqara  Made to look more natural and human like.  Older man, with slumping musculature and a hollowed face  Distinct unique feature (big ears) representing a specific individual  Folds of flesh and not geometric cut of the anatomy  Highly educated and employed by the court, earning a good living  to commission this sculpture for himself.  Soft lines opposed to sharp hard lines  Eyes made of different materials: o Iris of the eyes made of smooth rock crystal o Whites of the eye made of white stone with red veins  Eyes can therefore communicate and connect with  the viewer as they are so realistic


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