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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Bouterse on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2403 003 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Cox - Fuenzalida in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Personality in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
• Carl Jung: analytical psychology very close to Freud, Jung was his "disciple" ‣ invited to travel and speak with Freud because of his word-association test ‣ had falling out over what the libido was • Freud was focusing on sexual and aggressive issues • Jung had doubts about the emphasis on sexual motivation in his theory ‣ Jung fell into a deep depression that led him to have bizarre experiences • "mad genius" period • led him to develop his own theory of personality throughout his life, he was very comfortable with things that other people would refer to as "pathological" father of introversion/extraversion stone: ‣ when he was 7 years old, imaginary game with a stone - ﬁrst he would perceive himself as sitting on the stone, then would imagine himself as the stone being sat on ‣ found that he could easily switch perspectives manikin: ‣ when he was 10 years old, carved a wooden ﬁgure of a man from a ruler ‣ dressed it and gave it a small stone of its own ‣ ﬁgure became a refuge for Jung, whenever he was troubled he would visit his "secret friend," gave him a sense of security phallus dream: ‣ he's looking down into a basement, has stairs, walls lined with something, at the bottom is a throne with a phallus symbol • standing on the throne was an object consisting of skin and naked ﬂesh, on the top was a rounded head with no face or hair, on top was a single eye staring upward ‣ mom was yelling that that was the counterpart of Jesus Christ ‣ no longer believed that God was an institution, told him there was more than just 1 religion • Deﬁnition of personality psyche = personality of Carl Jung ‣ Greek word "spirit" or "soul" ‣ thought, feeling, and behavior ‣ focused on various needs whether those needs are biological or spiritual ‣ conscious and unconscious aspects of personality from the beginning of life, unity is sought ‣ optimal goal - development of person's wholeness ‣ inherited predisposition to become whole libido = driving force of the psyche ‣ driving force behind psyche ‣ general biological life energy that is concentrated on diﬀerent problems as they arise ‣ a creative life force that could be applied to the continuous psychological growth of the person conscious: psychic images sensed by the ego personal unconscious: psychic images not sensed by the ego ‣ ego does not allow those images to enter the personal mind ‣ diﬀerent from everyone else collective unconscious: ideas from the experiences of our ancestors ‣ tendencies toward certain emotional responses ‣ the same as everyone else because we all have the same ancestry • Levels of psyche conscious(ness) ‣ appears early ‣ diﬀerentiated from general awareness ‣ ego - organization of conscious mind • thinking, feeling, remembering, and perceiving • identity and continuity of time personal unconscious (PU) and complexes ‣ PU holds the complexes: a personally disturbing constellation of ideas connected by common-feeling tone • has a disproportionate inﬂuence on one's behavior • word-association test: tool to search for complexes ‣ what happens to experiences the ego doesn't admit ‣ within PU exists the complexes • important to discover and deal with complexes because they require the expenditure of so much psychic energy, and therefore inhibit balanced psychological growth collective unconscious ‣ boldest, most mystical, and most controversial concept ‣ collective experiences humans have had in evolutionary past ‣ archetypes • inherited predisposition to respond to certain aspects of the world • we all have the same tendency to respond to things that have been around forever in similar ways • persona develops because of humans' need to play a role in society inﬂation of the persona - the persona is valued too highly • anima female component of male psyche ‣ causes men to have feminine traits ‣ provides a framework within which men interact with women • animus masculine component of female psyche ‣ causes women to have masculine traits ‣ furnishes women with an ideal of the man • shadow darkest deepest part of the psyche inherited from pre-human ancestors - contains all of the animal instincts immoral, aggressive and passionate • self attempts to harmonize all other parts of the psyche represents the human string for unity, wholeness, and integration of the total personality • Dynamics of personality progression ‣ adapting to the outside world, external ‣ forward ﬂow of psychic energy regression ‣ about the investment of energy ‣ adaptation to inner world ‣ backward ﬂow of psychic energy • Psychological types - (***DON'T NEED TO MEMORIZE IN BOOK***) attitudes ‣ introversion • turning inward • orientation towards what is internal ‣ extraversion • turning outward • orientation towards the external world functions ‣ thinking (rational) • logical intellectual activity that produces a chain of ideas • tells what an object is ‣ feeling (rational) • valuing an idea or event • determines value of object ‣ sensation (irrational) • receives physical stimuli and transmits to perceptual consciousness • detects the presence of objects ‣ intuition (irrational) • perception beyond the workings of consciousness • provides hunches when factual info isn't available • Development of personality deﬁned in terms of the focus of libidinal energy --> directed simply toward whatever was important to the person at the time and what was important changed as a function of maturation childhood: birth to adolescence ‣ libidinal energy would be invested in how to eat solid foods, how to walk, how to make friends, etc. ‣ all energy being invested in growing and being young adulthood: the period from puberty until middle life ‣ libidinal energy put towards forming relationships, being successful in school, thinking about goals, family, career, etc. ‣ the individual tends to be outgoing, energetic, impulsive, and passionate ***middle life: begins at approximately age 35 or 40 ‣ most important stage ‣ person becomes more cultural, philosophical, and spiritual ‣ can be a period of tremendous spiritual turmoil • evaluating where you are in life, more concerned with life's meaning • if you are not where you think you should be, can create a midlife crisis old age: ‣ diminution of consciousness ‣ death is the goal of life • Self-realization (individuation or full expression) life's primary goal harmonious blending of psyche components ‣ because of self-archetype the process of becoming an individual or whole person (complete) the self becomes the new center of the personality and is experienced as being suspended among the opposing forces of the psyche; symbolized by a mandala (Sanskrit word meaning circle) • Jung's method of investigation word association test: a list of words, the goal is to answer as quickly as you can with a diﬀerent word than the word that was given ‣ used to identify complexes dream analysis: ‣ Freud talked about manifest and latent content ‣ Jung: the dream could contain meaningful information that could help you resolve a current conﬂict • ampliﬁcation - take something in the dream, try to think of as many associations in your present life as you can • dream series - same dream multiple times, look at how it changes • active imagination - identify something in the dream that doesn't make sense psychotherapy: complex and ﬂexible • Critique moderate on generating research and organizing known data ‣ in the area of introversion/extroversion ‣ area of personality traits low on guiding action (clinical setting), and parsimony (relative to other theories) ‣ mainly because of the idea of the collective unconscious very low on falsiﬁability ‣ because the concepts are diﬃcult to operationally deﬁne and test in the lab ‣ today work on introversion/extroversion can be deﬁned, can look at physiological aspects to compare/contrast between the two • Concept of humanity unconscious over conscious biology over culture ‣ investment of libidinal energy, changes over time ‣ libido addresses whatever need is current similarity over uniqueness moderate on issues of free will, optimism/pessimism, and causality/teleology ‣ a bit of all of these in his theories ‣ there is not one that is more prevalent than the others
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