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Chapter 3

by: Brianna Bouterse

Chapter 3 PSY 2403 003

Brianna Bouterse

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About this Document

These notes cover information on Jung and his theories
Introduction to Personality
Dr. Cox - Fuenzalida
Class Notes
Psychology, personality, Jung
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Bouterse on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2403 003 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Cox - Fuenzalida in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Personality in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
• Carl Jung: analytical psychology ⿞very close to Freud, Jung was his "disciple" ‣ invited to travel and speak with Freud because of his word-association test ‣ had falling out over what the libido was • Freud was focusing on sexual and aggressive issues • Jung had doubts about the emphasis on sexual motivation in his theory ‣ Jung fell into a deep depression that led him to have bizarre experiences • "mad genius" period • led him to develop his own theory of personality ⿞throughout his life, he was very comfortable with things that other people would refer to as "pathological" ⿞father of introversion/extraversion ⿞stone: ‣ when he was 7 years old, imaginary game with a stone - first he would perceive himself as sitting on the stone, then would imagine himself as the stone being sat on ‣ found that he could easily switch perspectives ⿞manikin: ‣ when he was 10 years old, carved a wooden figure of a man from a ruler ‣ dressed it and gave it a small stone of its own ‣ figure became a refuge for Jung, whenever he was troubled he would visit his "secret friend," gave him a sense of security ⿞phallus dream: ‣ he's looking down into a basement, has stairs, walls lined with something, at the bottom is a throne with a phallus symbol • standing on the throne was an object consisting of skin and naked flesh, on the top was a rounded head with no face or hair, on top was a single eye staring upward ‣ mom was yelling that that was the counterpart of Jesus Christ ‣ no longer believed that God was an institution, told him there was more than just 1 religion • Definition of personality ⿞psyche = personality of Carl Jung ‣ Greek word "spirit" or "soul" ‣ thought, feeling, and behavior ‣ focused on various needs whether those needs are biological or spiritual ‣ conscious and unconscious aspects of personality ⿞from the beginning of life, unity is sought ‣ optimal goal - development of person's wholeness ‣ inherited predisposition to become whole ⿞libido = driving force of the psyche ‣ driving force behind psyche ‣ general biological life energy that is concentrated on different problems as they arise ‣ a creative life force that could be applied to the continuous psychological growth of the person ⿞conscious: psychic images sensed by the ego ⿞personal unconscious: psychic images not sensed by the ego ‣ ego does not allow those images to enter the personal mind ‣ different from everyone else ⿞collective unconscious: ideas from the experiences of our ancestors ‣ tendencies toward certain emotional responses ‣ the same as everyone else because we all have the same ancestry • Levels of psyche ⿞conscious(ness) ‣ appears early ‣ differentiated from general awareness ‣ ego - organization of conscious mind • thinking, feeling, remembering, and perceiving • identity and continuity of time ⿞personal unconscious (PU) and complexes ‣ PU holds the complexes: a personally disturbing constellation of ideas connected by common-feeling tone • has a disproportionate influence on one's behavior • word-association test: tool to search for complexes ‣ what happens to experiences the ego doesn't admit ‣ within PU exists the complexes • important to discover and deal with complexes because they require the expenditure of so much psychic energy, and therefore inhibit balanced psychological growth ⿞collective unconscious ‣ boldest, most mystical, and most controversial concept ‣ collective experiences humans have had in evolutionary past ‣ archetypes • inherited predisposition to respond to certain aspects of the world • we all have the same tendency to respond to things that have been around forever in similar ways • persona ⿞develops because of humans' need to play a role in society ⿞inflation of the persona - the persona is valued too highly • anima ⿞female component of male psyche ‣ causes men to have feminine traits ‣ provides a framework within which men interact with women • animus ⿞masculine component of female psyche ‣ causes women to have masculine traits ‣ furnishes women with an ideal of the man • shadow ⿞darkest deepest part of the psyche ⿞inherited from pre-human ancestors - contains all of the animal instincts ⿞immoral, aggressive and passionate • self ⿞attempts to harmonize all other parts of the psyche ⿞represents the human string for unity, wholeness, and integration of the total personality • Dynamics of personality ⿞progression ‣ adapting to the outside world, external ‣ forward flow of psychic energy ⿞regression ‣ about the investment of energy ‣ adaptation to inner world ‣ backward flow of psychic energy • Psychological types - (***DON'T NEED TO MEMORIZE IN BOOK***) ⿞attitudes ‣ introversion • turning inward • orientation towards what is internal ‣ extraversion • turning outward • orientation towards the external world ⿞functions ‣ thinking (rational) • logical intellectual activity that produces a chain of ideas • tells what an object is ‣ feeling (rational) • valuing an idea or event • determines value of object ‣ sensation (irrational) • receives physical stimuli and transmits to perceptual consciousness • detects the presence of objects ‣ intuition (irrational) • perception beyond the workings of consciousness • provides hunches when factual info isn't available • Development of personality ⿞defined in terms of the focus of libidinal energy --> directed simply toward whatever was important to the person at the time and what was important changed as a function of maturation ⿞childhood: birth to adolescence ‣ libidinal energy would be invested in how to eat solid foods, how to walk, how to make friends, etc. ‣ all energy being invested in growing and being ⿞young adulthood: the period from puberty until middle life ‣ libidinal energy put towards forming relationships, being successful in school, thinking about goals, family, career, etc. ‣ the individual tends to be outgoing, energetic, impulsive, and passionate ⿞***middle life: begins at approximately age 35 or 40 ‣ most important stage ‣ person becomes more cultural, philosophical, and spiritual ‣ can be a period of tremendous spiritual turmoil • evaluating where you are in life, more concerned with life's meaning • if you are not where you think you should be, can create a midlife crisis ⿞old age: ‣ diminution of consciousness ‣ death is the goal of life • Self-realization (individuation or full expression) ⿞life's primary goal ⿞harmonious blending of psyche components ‣ because of self-archetype ⿞the process of becoming an individual or whole person (complete) ⿞the self becomes the new center of the personality and is experienced as being suspended among the opposing forces of the psyche; symbolized by a mandala (Sanskrit word meaning circle) • Jung's method of investigation ⿞word association test: a list of words, the goal is to answer as quickly as you can with a different word than the word that was given ‣ used to identify complexes ⿞dream analysis: ‣ Freud talked about manifest and latent content ‣ Jung: the dream could contain meaningful information that could help you resolve a current conflict • amplification - take something in the dream, try to think of as many associations in your present life as you can • dream series - same dream multiple times, look at how it changes • active imagination - identify something in the dream that doesn't make sense ⿞psychotherapy: complex and flexible • Critique ⿞moderate on generating research and organizing known data ‣ in the area of introversion/extroversion ‣ area of personality traits ⿞low on guiding action (clinical setting), and parsimony (relative to other theories) ‣ mainly because of the idea of the collective unconscious ⿞very low on falsifiability ‣ because the concepts are difficult to operationally define and test in the lab ‣ today work on introversion/extroversion can be defined, can look at physiological aspects to compare/contrast between the two • Concept of humanity ⿞unconscious over conscious ⿞biology over culture ‣ investment of libidinal energy, changes over time ‣ libido addresses whatever need is current ⿞similarity over uniqueness ⿞moderate on issues of free will, optimism/pessimism, and causality/teleology ‣ a bit of all of these in his theories ‣ there is not one that is more prevalent than the others


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