CLA 322 Feb 18, 2016
CLA 322 Feb 18, 2016 CLA 322 P
Popular in greek Mythology: Monsters
Popular in Classical Studies
CLA 322 P
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kenya on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLA 322 P at University of Miami taught by Han Tran in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see greek Mythology: Monsters in Classical Studies at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
February 18, 2016 CLA 322 Monsters BACK to Lamia from Libya: As an Echidna type figure RememberApollo is the agent of the Greek Lamia monster (taking away the power from the archetype) Her story starts off with Apollo killing Python and having to be purified (his association with the serpent is prevalent) o Apollo, the god of purification, needs to be cleansed of this “Crime”. o Is the monster some form of compensation for Apollo’s murder of Python? Summarizing Echidna and Lamia Archetype: Echidna: Female Sexual Predator (powerful by herself; the one Echidna, without a Hero). Goes after men Lamia: Baby snatcher, goes after offspring of women Both have the snake element (This is an Echidna type.) “They use their strength to catch other animals, but deceit to catch men” Text from 100 CE common Era Branching of the Common Echidna Increasing association with deceit, with snake, with woman Later Echidnas: described as venturing out of their holes to capture and hunt their prey. Possibly this type starts with the Herodotus’ Echidna o Later Echidnas interact more with mortals, especially men As the interactions increase, so does the tension between them. Hence the reaction of the Locals: #18 they live in the wild woods, in easy to spot lairs o Due to snake trails, and the terrible smells emitted from them o Become more and more part our sensual world (as in smell) Logic of this narrative: They try to exterminate the entire species (along with the young) and they think they have killed them all off But a group f Echidna had been hunting, comeback and have their revenge (killing them all) Then Heracles comes using fire, his club, and his arrows THINK: Did Heracles kill them all? Author calls this account a myth: Since this is a later source, Myth here means myth in the modern sense, implying it is false. Gives us an opinion on how we should view this Echidna The corpse here should remind you of the Monster Lamia (the corpse that the people keep agitating, but the animals don’t want to touch) You can’t kill of the idea or the Myth of the resilient, unconquerable, persistent Echidna. A soon as you think they are all dead, one still pops up Narrator basically tells you that the image of the Echidna lives on in the imagination of the people who fear her o As long as you fear her, she will still be here. Why Libya? Story of the origins of the Desert snakes o Created by Perseus (with his sandals), holding the head of Medusa. The drops of blood fall onto the Libyan (North African) Desert, creating the whole brood of snakes. Libya is the meeting point of two ancient sisters, Echidna and Medusa. So these Anguipede could be the daughters of Medusa and act the Echidna Difference is that Gorgon don’t leave their layer to hunt men, this Echidna is far more predatory This is the first time we see the Echidna figure actually devour a man. Links her with the EMPUSA THE EMPUSA: o Always female, actually a ghost (not real, not alive) o Preys on young men, and desires them sexually as well as drinking their blood (Like a vampire) Philostratus, Life of Apollonius [of Tyana] 4.25 (3 c. CE) (a Christ like figure, fundamentally a philosopher) The philosopher, Apollonius of Tyana, warns the young, naïve, gullible (but beautiful) Menippus about the empousa using imagery that recalls the Echidna and Lamia: “You are a beautiful man, and you are pursued by beautiful women, but you are warming a snake [ophis] on your bosom, and it is a snake that warms you.” o Important that he is a philosopher because the usual adversary of ghosts (especially unrestful ghosts) is a philosopher Menippus (Philosophy student, very naive) o Warned by Apollonius that he’s dating an Empousa (who is not real) Remember an Empousa is a female ghost craving the flesh of young men): Menippus can’t make a distinction between what is real and what is false o Thus we must assume this Empousa is false Apollonius addressing Menippus: BACKGROUND: Tantalus (one of the 3 great sinners) whose punishment was to have fruit hanging over him and water at his feet, but every time he would reach for them, they would draw away from him. o He stole nectar and ambrosia from the gods and gave it to humans o He also, killed his son (Pelops) and fed him to the gods, to test to see if they could tell what they were eating (all did, save one-Demeter who was distraught over Persephone) Why does the underworld exist and not exist at the same time? o Apolloniusis trying to teach Menippus how to distinguish the truth from the false o The woman exists in his imagination, not in the real world Difference between material and substance (as in having ground, and not just existing) Empousa considered Lamias? o Why do they crave human flesh? They have no form, so they will steal it from these young men All of the illusion is destroyed when one person realizes them for what they are. This is all it takes is seems. They feed upon young flesh, as the Lamia feeds upon babies (both with pure blood) THE CYCLOPS o Meaning “round-eye” What does the ‘One-eyed’ ogre (Cyclops) signify, or what is he a sign of? THINK: keep in mind what this creature is supposed to signify (be a sign of) for the tradition he exist in What is the message of his tale with Odysseus? o Clever man wins over slow witted ogre Look at details from Homer’s Odyssey (8 cent BCE) as well as Euripides Cyclops (after Homer) Odysseus’ first words about the Cyclopes in Homer’s Odyssey (ca. 8 c. BCE) The Cyclopes neither plant nor plough, but trust in providence, and live on such wheat, barley, and grapes as grow wild without any kind of tillage, and their wild grapes yield them wine as the sun and the rain may grow them. They have no laws nor assemblies of the people, but livein caves on the tops of high mountains; each is lord and master in his family, and they take no account of their neighbors. They have no civilization (no laws or assemblies) or signs of civilization (manned agriculture)
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