Neanderthal class notes-Ice Age and US
Neanderthal class notes-Ice Age and US ANTHRO 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauri Schleicher on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHRO 101 at Emory University taught by Dr. Stutz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Anthro 101 in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Emory University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Ice Age Europe: Neanderthals and US How homo erectus developed on the African continent and their quick movements form the contintent (tools they took with them) o Oldest tools found in Jorgia o 1833 in Belgium is where the first Neanderthal was found 1836=origin of species by Darwin was published what makes us different from them? After they left Africa, they travelled to the Middle-European peninsula Astrolptigus Gari=associated with the oldest tools that have been found in Ethiopia o Capacities with hands developed for tool use Astrilipidicus Afreencus: Lucy=bipedal and she wasn’t a tool user to a full extent o Development of social relationship to help with child birth Ardi=bipedal and tree person thing Question of speciation=most debated evolutionary issue o Key to explaining a common ancestor All human evolution sees our species: homo sapiens, as a single biological species o All populations of modern humans are interconnected via gene flow Neanderthal traits evolved and emphasized with time until they died out o Spread to middle east approx. 80,000 ya (years ago) o Spy=the first place where they were recognized as a species Fossil recognized 60,000 ya o Noticed large cranial capacity and occipital bun o Receding forehead, strong brow ridge, no pronounced cheek bones or chin, projecting midface o Large retro molar gap, broad nose, broader skeleton to be better adapted to colder climates Neanderthal: a lineage of ancient humans occupying Europe and part of Western Asia between 200,000 years ago and 30,000 years ago o Debate between whether they’re homo sapiens or homo neanderthalenus o Marked by extensive tool use and use of warm clothes o Ability to plan steps ahead o First evidence of burial practices seen—took care of dead Kebara Cave, Israel o Like us in their competency for social interaction, tool use, and care for others Who came after the Neanderthals? Approx. 40,000 ya, new people (anatomically modern humans) came along o Also from Africa—migration happens over and over again Homo erectus leaves African Euro evolve La Ferrassie 1 – o A classic Neanderthal fossil, from a roughly 60,000-year-old cave site in France