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WMST 1110 Multicultural Women in the US 02/18

by: Kay Patel

WMST 1110 Multicultural Women in the US 02/18 WMST 1110

Marketplace > University of Georgia > WMST 1110 > WMST 1110 Multicultural Women in the US 02 18
Kay Patel

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About this Document

Goes over the Native American history in general and female activism
Multicultural Women in the US
Nichole Ray
Class Notes
Multicultural Women in the US 02/18
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kay Patel on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WMST 1110 at University of Georgia taught by Nichole Ray in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
02/18 Perspectives on Native American History, Women, and Feminist Activism:  The first Americans:  Main argument:  Historical summary of the US’s treatment of indigenous Americans  Removal  Assimilation  The Indian New Deal  Termination and relocation  Self-determination/sovereignty  Historical Timeline:  Removal—early 1800s  One of the projects of colonization  Essential/take-over  Newly acquired(stolen) land: American Indians pushed westward via negotiated treaties and eventually by force  Results in severe cultural, physical, economic, and spiritual hardships  Task of Assimilation—1800s  Want to make these people more like the Americans  Boarding School abuses  Boarding schools as a primary tool for assimilating native children  1869: administration of Native reservations ran by Christian denominations - School facilities ran by the church - 1879: first boarding school opened: Carlisle Indian School - 1909: 25 off-reservation schools; 157 on reservation schools; 307 days of school  Idea: to kill the Indian and save the man  A lot of violence and killing of children  Physical and mental abuse  Boarding school violations:  Native communities continue to suffer challenging effects of the boarding school project - Physical, sexual, and emotional violence - Unemployment - Alcohol and drug abuse  Boarding schools healing project  Healing: developed to make it visible to heal  Education  Documentation  Accountability  Early 20 century  New Deal programs (Roosevelt) 1930s/40s  Self-determination: greater control over tribal governance  Native Americans wanted a greater control over their community  Native American women and Racism:  Dominant culture attitudes: happened long time ago  Cultural appropriation: dressing/behaving like someone from a different culture—“you like our stuff, why not us?”  Visibility/invisibility/power  Case: Crime Against Humanity  Cultural appropriation and objectification of Native groups  What is the problem?  Creates barriers to knowledge and communication about Native history and contemporary challenges facing the communities  Limited political and economic power makes it difficult for Native people to mobilize/organize for change  Feminism Activism:  Topic: sexual violence against women  A majority of analysis and activism neglects to address gender violence, patriarchal control, racism, and colonialism  Centers the experiences of Native women  Central to understanding sexual violence in a broader way  Power of women in Native communities  “Thus, in order to colonize a people whole society was not hierarchal, colonies must first naturalize hierarchy through institution patriarchy.”  Tradition of matrilineal tribal structure  Women were political, spiritual, and military leaders—they had same status as men  Links between domination of Native women and white women  Native women seen as savages and dirty by white women  “The Land is Ours”—The case of reparations  Native people need a solid economic infrastructure to ensure sovereignty  Frame reparations as human rights issue  For no matter how large the monetary settlement, ultimately compensation does not end colonial relationship between the US and the indigenous nations. The struggle for native sovereignty is a struggle for control over land and resources, rather than financial compensation.


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