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Notes for Test 2

by: Sara Guthrie

Notes for Test 2 13845

Sara Guthrie

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About this Document

foreign policy notes
Introduction to International Relations
Zeynep Taydas
Class Notes
political science
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sara Guthrie on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 13845 at Clemson University taught by Zeynep Taydas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
 Introduction to foreign policy o Global drama  What drives the action on the world stage? o World politics is the story of the motivations and calculations of the actors and how they put those into action.  Actors and foreign policy o Primary performers/actors:  States, IGOs, NGOs, MNCs, transnational groups, individuals o Focus is on the states o How do states make and carry out foreign policy? o To understand what goes on between states it is necessary to understand what goes on within them  Domestic sources of foreign policy  Foreign policy o Definition: strategies used by governments to guide their actions in the international arena and realize their international goals. Course of action pursued by a government in its dealings with other states o Goals, values, means, instruments o Foreign policy process (how policies are arrived at and implemented in various states) is complex  Levels of analysis  Power and foreign policy o Power capabilities—FP—action o Effective FP—not possible without power o Goal: to influence others o Foreign policy tools  Sticks (threat), carrots (inducements), sermons (moral persuasion)  Peaceful to coercive (diplomacy, aid, sanctions, suicide bombings, alliances, use of military force) o Objectives: hierarchical (vital/core; essential/middle range; desirable/long range goals)  Determinants of foreign policy o Why states behave as they do in international politics? o Which variables influence FP decision-making? o Not just leaders—no single factor can fully explain o Multiple factors influence FP decisions  Their relative weight depends on the circumstances at the time of the decision  Type of situation (crisis vs. non-crisis)  Nature of the issue (pure foreign policy vs. intermestic- international and domestic issue) o Facts that influence foreign policy choices o ‘Causal funnel’: three part framework  Factors grouped into 2 sources categories + input, output (outcome, feedback)  Each category encompasses a large number of factors ‘ o Three levels  Individual level determinants of FP o Role of individuals (groups) in decision making  Beliefs, values, ego, physical and mental health, personal experiences and ambitions, intellectual capacity, (mis)perceptions, rationality o FP decisions influenced by cognitive, emotional, psychological factors o Bounded rationality, satisficing (good enough) o Information screens (affective and cognitive) biases, wishful thinking, analogies o Organizational behavior: roles and group think  State level determinants of FP o Policy making occurs within the context of a political structure o Emphasizes the characteristics of states (domestic factors and national attributes) o Military capabilities, economic conditions, type of government, sub-state actors (bureaucracies, legislatures, interest groups, etc.), public opinion, mass media  Global (external) level determinants of FP o Focuses on the structural features of the international system  External restraints and the context influence the options of states o Broad international influences on foreign policy o Anarchy, power distribution, polarity, military alliances, geostrategic position, economic realities of the international system, globalization, international law & norms, the UN


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