Deviance and Labelling in class notes
Deviance and Labelling in class notes SOC 1010
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauri Schleicher on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1010 at Emory University taught by Professor Pirkey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Emory University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Deviance and Labelling Feb. 17, 2016 Labelling theory: takes the view that reactions to a norm violation are critical elements in deviance o Reliance on others o Comes from symbolic interaction o Only after an act is discounted and labelled as deviant is the act recognized as such If not discovered and labelled, it is not deviant Labels are sticky—effect of label on future life The saints and the roughnecks: “good kids” and bad o The Saints were “good kids”, so were treated as such; could get out of town, which the rednecks were “stuck” and were perceived as bad, so always seen as deviant o Labelling is an interactive process We label and act towards people in certain ways based off of their labels o Concepts related to labelling: 1. Stereotypes: presumptions about how people are based off of their label a. Ex) slut is a label and its stereotypes are sexual promiscuity and association with self-presentation 2. Confirmation bias: tendency to favor info that confirms our beliefs and to disregard information that contradicts it a. Belief persistence b. Ex) patients were through to be crazy because of where they were, regardless of how they acted 3. Subtyping: when we see members of a stereotyped group who disconfirm stereotypes, we label them as exceptions, placing them in sub-categories a. Ex) roughnecks who played varsity sports and the Saints who didn’t go to college (blamed it on divorce) 4. Self-fulfilling prophecy: a person who behaves toward another person according to a label and causes the person to respond in ways to confirm that label a. Ex) teenagers are terrible tippers, so the waitress isn’t going to try as hard and will therefore receive a terrible tip Self-labelling theory: by taking the role of the generalized other, individuals can asses the meaning of their impulses and actions o Circumstances that may lead to self-labelling Emotions that violate feeling and rules ex) grieving periods Conflicting identities and unusual identity transitions Threatening env. Cues/environmental dissonance
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