Intro to Norms and Values
Intro to Norms and Values SOC 1010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauri Schleicher on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1010 at Emory University taught by Professor Pirkey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Emory University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Intro to Norms and Values: deviance Feb 16. 2016 What made eating people okay? o Body=meat, no soul; human=body and soul o Sacred body parts not eaten o Sought higher power upon their return home o Rules about who got more and what the jobs were varied Value: any standard by which people define what’s desirable or undesirable, good, bad, beautiful, or ugly o Ex) value on education, respect for authority Norms: expectations for right behaviors that develop out of a group’s values o Level or norms: local/group, subculture (i.e. don’t walk on the grass), the societal (i.e. j-walking) Flow from values o Norms can vary in intensity Application of norms and values to :Eating your friends is the hardest o Valued survival (life) and the norm would the the acceptance of eating dead people o Valued religion and the norm=practicing or seeking acceptance from religious authority o Value family and the norm= don’t eat family/friends Beliefs and expectations for behaviors: 1. Folkways: norms not strictly enforced a. Ex) walking on the right side of the sidewalk; not picking your nose 2. Mores: norms that are though to be essential to core values which require conformity a. Ex) theft, rape, nudity 3. Taboos: a norm so strongly ingrained that even the thought of its violation is greeted with revulsion a. Ex) cannibalism, incest b. Those who break taboos are at risk of being removed form society Is eating dog a folkway, more, or a taboo: depends—cultural relativism and ethnocentrism o Ethnocentrism: using our own culture as the standard for judging others’ societies o Cultural relativism: the practice of trying to understand a culture on its own terms Breaking norms o Sanctions: the consequence of breaking norms or the rxns we receive from breaking them Positive sanction: rewards for following norms Negative sanctions: expression of disapproval for breaking a norm Informal rxn such as a frown to a formal rxn such as a prison sentence What’s a norm and what’s deviance o Neither word has judgment associated with it Normal=in line with norms Deviant=breaks norms Both are context dependent o Functionalism argues that deviance contributes to social order in three ways 1. Clarifies our moral boundaries; affirmation of norms 2. Deviance encourages social unity (common enemies?) 3. Deviance can promote social change from deviant normal Labelling theory: rxns to a norm violation are a critical element in deviance o Inspired by symbolic interaction o Our rxn, not the violation, are what incur deviance o If you’re alone, it’s not deviant bc it cannot be labelled o Labelling is triggered by a behavior, but responds in a redefinition of typing the actor The label can affect others’ rxns to us in the future w/deviant expectations
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