Art History II: Exam 2 Week 1
Art History II: Exam 2 Week 1 ART 1023
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 1023 at Mississippi State University taught by Benjamin Harvey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 465 views. For similar materials see History of Art 2 in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
02/12/16 Leonardo Davinci Vitruvian man Wrote in his notebooks from right to left and backwards Drew from observation, but took that and tweaked it to make it something imaginary Wonderful artrelated quotes Has very few finished works Leonardo da Vinci Last Supper Circa 149598 Fresco (oil and tempera on plaster) Was working as a court artist for Sforza The family Sforza was focused on the church: Santa Maria de la Grazi Example of single point linear perspective 40% is original paint from Leonardo Restored about 7 times Leonardo da Vinci Mona Lisa Circa 150305 Oil on wood Commissioned for Duke Geocondo Her real name is Lisa del Giocondo Mona Lisa = My Lady, Lisa Setting: sitting in an armchair with some architecture details behind her before the landscape; probably in some sort of gazebo or open indoor space. Landscape seems to be a reflection of her inner state/personality Pose: Italian portraits were usually in profile, not ¾ like in the Mona Lisa. Arm of the chair is parallel to the picture plane so she seems to be turning to acknowledge the viewer Using the psychology of presence: convincing the viewer that there is actually a person there 02/15/16 Still Leonardo Sfumato: smokyness, misty/hazyness caused by using paints with a high medium to pigment ratio; glazes Light and shadow Michelangelo Believed that the human body was the extreme expressive unit in art Michelangelo David 150104 Marble 12.5 tons Made to be seen from very far away, enhanced features (i.e. larger hands and negative space around limbs) Gilded in some areas (branch, sling and loin cloth) Michelangelo to Rome Michelangelo Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (including the Creation of Adam) 150812 Fresco 5800 ft 2 Corners: Old Testament (x4) Triangular areas (above windows and lunettes): ancestors of Christ (x8) Spandrels: Old Testament Prophets and Classical Sibyls (x12) Center: scenes from Genesis (x9); large and small scenes alternate The Pope is a Rovere; their symbol is the oak leaf/acorn which are shown all over the ceiling 02/17/16 Michelangelo Last Judgment 153441 Fresco Commissioned for the Pope; Pope dies and the commission is continued for the new Pope, Paul III Raphael Raphael School of Athens 150911 Fresco Stresses major branches of learning o Theology o Jurisprudence o The Arts o Philosophy Architecture reflects the look of the new St. Peters (built by Bramante) Focused on the Western canon of philosophy 02/19/16 Bramante Tempietto 1502 Building Tempietto means “little temple” Commissioned by King Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain Symbolically marking the place of Saint Peter’s crucifixion Small building, not functional; important as a landmark Mannerism What: painting sculpture and architecture characterized by: o Elongation, distortion, and human figure o Emphasis on artfulness and artifice over naturalness o Spatial ambiguity and instability o Stressing artistic difficulty When: 16 century art emerges in the 1520’s Where: Italy and France and generally Europe Early examples: Michelangelo (Last Judgment) and works by Parmigianino Parmigianino Madonna with the Long Neck Circa 153033 Oil on wood Elongation and distortion of human figure Emphasis of artfulness and artifice over naturalness Spatial ambiguity and instability Given a sense of sexuality Complex symbolism Unfinished
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