Lecture: Thinking Outside The Box
Lecture: Thinking Outside The Box CAMHS-UA 150
Popular in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies: Children and the Media
Popular in Child Development
This page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianda Hickey on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CAMHS-UA 150 at NYU School of Medicine taught by Andrea Vazzana in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies: Children and the Media in Child Development at NYU School of Medicine.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Lecture Thinking Outside the Box Background by the age of 3 months 40 of babies are regular viewers of DVD videos or tv almost 90 of all 2 year olds in the US responding 23 hours each day in front of the screen Television usage by children has reached an 8 year high with children ages 2 5 watching an average of more than 32 hoursweek 3 Month old babies cannot hold themselves up barely able to put their fist in mouth ADHD People show a persistent pattern of inattention and or hyperactivity impulsivity that interfere with functioning or development Six or more symptoms of inattention andor hyperactivity must be present for children up to age 16 or 0 Five or more individuals 17 and older 0 Symptoms have to be present for at least 6 months 0 Symptoms are inappropriate for developmental level ADHD lnattentive Svmbtoms o trouble holding attention on tasks or play activities 0 doesn t seem to listen when spoken directly 0 does not follow instructions 0 cannot remember the instructions given 0 trouble organizing tasks and activities 0 Dislikes things that require sustained mental effort 0 easily distracted ADHD Hvoeractivitv and Impulsivitv fidgets with or taps hands or feet squirms in seat leaves seat in situations when remaining seated is expected runs about or climbs in situations where it is not appropriate unable to play or take part in leisure activities quietly often on the go acting as if driven by a motor talks excessively blurts out an answer before a question has been completed has trouble waiting hisher turn interrupts or intrudes on others butts into conversations or games Final Condition for ADHD Several inattentive or hyperactivity impulsive symptoms were present before age 12 years severe symptoms present in 2 or more settings 0 symptoms are interfering with or reducing the quality of social school or work functioning 0 symptoms do not happen only during the course of schizophrenia or another psychotic disorder 0 symptoms are not better explained by another mental disorder Attention Deficit aneractivitv Disorder 0 Boys are more likely than girls to have ever been diagnosed with ADHD 0 Boys ar emoe commonly diagnosed with combined type 0 leading to earlier detection 0 Girls with ADHD often have inattentive type leading to later detection 0 All types of ADHD can have a significant impact on functioning in school and on behaviors 0 People tend to get addicted to medication more often when are not prescribed when prescribed and taken less risk of addiction Television viewinqgnd ADHD o In a study 1354 children published in Pediatrics in April 2004 it was found that for every hour of television watched per day at age 1 and 3 children had almost a 10 higher change of developing attention problems that could be diagnosed as ADHD by age seven 0 ADHD may or may not be inherited probably not 0 More likely to be diagnosed with ADHD if watch more TV Autism Spectrum Disorder 0 a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders characterized by social impairments communication difficulties and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior 0 Autism 2 most severe form of ASD 0 other conditions along the spectrum 0 Aspergers 0 childhood disintegrative disorder 0 pervasive developmental disorder PDD NOS o Socio Economic Status does not effect the diagnosis of Autism TV Viewinq and Autism o Controversial study done to see if Autism was connected with TV viewing 0 more time toddlers spend watching TV gt higher diagnosis of Autism o Autism is thought to be inheritable biologically based Asthma and Hiqh Blood Pressure 0 Children who watch more than 2 hours of television per day are twice as likely to develop asthma as those who watch less 0 Television viewing is linked to significantly higher blood pressure in children Poor Sleep 0 researchers found that the number of hours that babies watched television was associated with irregular nah and bedtime schedules which leads to poor quality sleep 0 more TV a child viewed the more likely heshe was to resist going to bed to have difficulty falling asleep and trouble staying asleep to be afraid to sleep and to wake up during the night 0 Sleep problems created by TV viewing in childhood often persists throughout adolescence and into adulthood o watching 3 or more hours of TV per day during childhood more than doubled the chances of a child having sleep problems in adulthood 0 Lack of sleep associated with TV viewing has been linked to number of health problems 0 lowers body level of the hormone melatonin melatonin develops the immune system regulates circadian rhythm and sleep cycles controls hormone levels and helps learning and memory Poor Evesiqht o the longer periods of fixed attention required by viewers are now believed to be a significant cause of an increase in myopia can lead to blindness 0 television can cause a dramatic increase in shortsightedness 0 television is responsible for damaging children s visual development and is a major cause of impairing children s reading and learning abilities Academic Problems 0 Children who watch a lot of television re likely to have lower grades ins school and read fewer books 0 Children incomes where the TV is on a II the time re less likely to be able to read by the age of 6 than their peers 0 Children who have television int heir bedrooms have the lowest scores on school achievement levels Epression 0 those who watch TV were more likely to report symptoms of depression with the rate increasing 8 with every additional hour of TV viewing 0 Sitting in front of the television may create lower levels of dopamine in the brain 0 result sin a lack of motivation drive and creative thinking 0 Mastery helps creates self esteem o The sense of accomplishment a child gets when he works hard to do something roll over for the first time throw a ball or complete a puzzle 0 television is antithetical to the experience of mastery o This dynamic contributes to depression DiSDIaced Activitv 0 Children watching television watching is displacing three other activities for the average child 0 time spent with parents and sibling o homework o partaking in creative play Drob in Creativitv o the ubiquity and ease of access to television and videos may rob children of the need to pursue their own thoughts and devise their own occupantation and imaginative capac y quression and Violence 0 verbal and physical aggression on the school playground increase for both boys and girls 0 Fear 0 movies may affect a child s fears of separation and abandonment o the number one preventable cause of nightmares and anxieties in children 2 moviestelevision Addictive Qualitv of Viewinq 0 Television conditions children s brain to acclimate to excessive stimuli 0 involves frequently changing images and scenarios 0 More children watch TV the more they will be heavy watchers as adults 0 alleviate boredom Familv Dvnamics 0 Children earn how to socialize by watching others 0 Given the excessive number of hours adults spend watching television experts report that parents now have more contact with television character than with each other 0 very important to model healthy interpersonal relationships Four Wavs television is contribution to obesitv o Inactivity o a study showed that a sample of 3 to 5 year old children did not move for 80 of the day and that many were active for a total of only 20 minutesday subjects had the lifestyle of middle aged adults and were likely to suffer from serious health risks 0 Metabolism 0 television slows down metabolic rates 0 burn fewer calories slow metallic rates stay 25 min after turning television off 0 Turning Out the Body s Signals o 53 of children under the age of six eat at least one meal or snack while watching TV 0 while watching TV difficult to pay attention to the body s signals of satiety 0 TV sublime effects on appetite that cause diners to make more bites per minute take larger mouthfuls and eat more food 0 Influencing Food Preferences 0 Television negatively influences food choices people who watch a lot of TV are more likely to rate unhealthy foods as being good for you The more children who watch television commercialst he more likely they are to eat sugary cereal
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