PSC 1001; Gender & Politics
PSC 1001; Gender & Politics PSC 1001
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Eleanor Parry on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1001 at George Washington University taught by Dr. Christopher Mitchell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Intro to Comparative Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Gender and Politics Gender an enormously important part of an individuals identity Substantially different from other identities we examine Wide range of treatment of gender in Political Science Sex V Gender 0 Sex Biological 0 Gender Cultural appropriations How is Gender Like Ethnicity Important part of self identity Underrepresented group within population create similar issues A potential source of division and barriers to advancement Women Rights often contentious politically Can be a basis for mobilization Violence against women analogous to violence against minorities How is Gender unlike Ethnicity Always about 50 of the population A cross cutting cleavage Gender may be politicked but almost never particized Reasons to Focus on Gender amp Politics Violence against women Underrepresentation may undermine democracy Economic Incentives Women movements can be an important political force 0 Les Madres de Plaza de Mayo Missing Women First noted by Amartya Sen in 1990 Over 100m missing women worldwide Economic incentives favor boys Long term problems from gender imbalance Causes of Minority Status Structural 0 Traditional division of labor keeps women in the home gt Economically depended on husband gt More isolated than men 0 Women more likely to leave workforce to raise children 0 A barrier to development as well as equality 0 Economic Modernization gt Industrialization initially increases division gt Post Industrial economies diminish structural barriers Cultural o Are men more suited to hold of ce Institutional 0 Cultural biases and goal of maximizing votes favor running male candidates 0 Reserved Seats 0 Quotas Social Welfare Policies Can change economic incentives Can encourage women in the labor force Can encourage men to take traditionally women roles
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