The 1960s - Week 5 Notes
The 1960s - Week 5 Notes 49-2660-01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna King on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 49-2660-01 at Columbia College Chicago taught by J. Menet in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see The 1960s in Social Science at Columbia College Chicago.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
The 1960s – 2.23.16 I. Early Civil Rights Movement a. Divided b. 1945-1966: First half i. Non-violence ii. Religious aspect iii. Older leadership iv. Structural change in law v. Successful in regards to law c. 1966-1970s: Second half i. More about Black Power movement II. Segregation a. “Jim Crow” b. Legal separation of races i. De jure: “By law” 1. Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) a. Test case b. Separated by railway (train car for whites, train car for blacks) c. “Separate, but equal” ii. De facto: “By custom” (Chicago) iii. Political segregation 1. Blacks could not vote; disenfranchised 2. Could not get laws overturned 3. Voting Tests 4. Grandfather Clause: If your grandfather voted, you can vote. 5. Poll tax: Had to pay a certain amount of money to vote a. Hurt blacks and poor whites iv. Economic segregation 1. If you’re poor, you don’t have a lot of power 2. Sharecropping v. Violence 1. Lynching a. Nearly 4,000 blacks lynched b. Nearly 1300 whites lynched c. Mexicans & Chinese immigrants lynched also 2. Sexual in nature 3. Pictures put on postcards vi. Ideology 1. Blacks were inferior 2. Social Darwinism c. Revival of KKK i. Against blacks, Jews, homosexuals, immigrants, etc. ii. Highest number of KKK members in Indiana iii. Elected senators, governors, etc.; very powerful d. WWII i. Changed America 1. Blacks had well-paying work 2. Soldiers were also black—given status a. “We Need You” propaganda b. Questioning “The System” 3. Treated Nazis better than blacks 4. Ideology of War e. Post-War Period i. Substitute Communists for Nazis ii. Cold War 1. Needed troops 2. Requested blacks 3. EO 8802 a. A. Randolph Phillips (?) b. Prohibited racial discrimination in national defense iii. “Evil Communism” iv. Racial conflicts; embarrassing nation v. Freedom Riders bus fire vi. Decolonization—old colonies around the world gained their freedoms 1. African nations 2. India 3. Asian nations III. Great Migration a. 1914-1970 i. “Inflow” of immigrants slows ii. “Northern” companies go into South to recruit (black) workers in iii. Now have options IV. Pop Culture a. Jackie Robinson b. Music i. Rock ‘n’ Roll ii. Chubby Checker & Chuck Berry c. Bill Cosby V. Leaders a. SCLC: Southern Christian Leadership Committee VI. Media a. TV i. Showed violence ii. MLK pushed for confrontation iii. Changed public opinion, especially whites iv. Moved establishment v. “Little Rock 9” 1. Turned away by National Guard 2. Elizabeth Eckford hounded by “ugly crowd” vi. Selma, Alabama
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