Gender in Cultural Anthropology
Gender in Cultural Anthropology Anthropology 130
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Melodi Harfouche on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 130 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by De Pendry in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Gender Biological and Physical Differences Genes Women X chromosome Men X and Y chromosome Primary Sexual Characteristics Secondary Sexual Characteristics Other Physical Differences Averages height weight strength longevity things we often think of as different but these are averages of a population Similarities 0 We tend to overlook the similarities between us Gender I The social and cultural construction of male and female characteristics I How people in different cultures define what it means to be a man and what it means to be a woman Gender Roles and Stereotypes I Gender Roles Tasks and activities assigned to men and women Doesn t mean they necessarily only do it but this is the way culture perceives it I Gender Stereotypes Oversimplified but often strongly held ideas about the characteristics of men and women Gender Stratification Unequal Distribution of Material and Other Valued Resources Power Prestige Human Rights Personal Freedoms Control over own life labor and its fruits Control over the lives labor and produce of others CrossCultural Comparisons Discussed by Kottak Studies published in the 19703 based on data gathered before that Comparing 67185 societies on types of activities generally done by men and women or by both Gender Stratification In various economic systems Foraging Hunting and Gathering Horticulture Agriculture Industrialized we assume that gender roles are mostly equal in industrialized civilization In various kinship and residence systems Matrilineal Patrilineal Matrilocal Patrilocal Political power Matriarchy Patriarchy Gender Inequalities Contributions to subsistence Control over economic resources Postmarital kinship ties and residence Domestic PrivatePublic Dichotomy I Participation in politics trade warfare work and spiritual activities and curing I Violence directed against women and men I History inequalities struggles to change roles meanings Metaphors for Bodily Processes The Woman in the Body A Cultural Analysis of Reproduction by Emily Martin 1987 I Birth Menstruation Menopause I ProductionLack of Production Margaret Lock Aging in Japan MOther Love and Poverty Death Without Weeping The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil by Nancy ScheperHughes 1992 I Maternal love attachment I Constant threats to survival of children Meanings of Being a Man The Meanings of Macho Being a Man in Mexico City by Matthew C Gutmann 1996 I Working class men and professionals I Conventions and stereotypes I Practices as fathers as men I Contradictory consciousness bell hooks 2004 We Real Cool Black Men and Masculinity Male Roles l Protector and Provider l Dominator