Tennessee History 2030 Lecture Notes (Slavery Documentary Notes Included)
Tennessee History 2030 Lecture Notes (Slavery Documentary Notes Included) Tennessee History 2030-007
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Cetinel on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Tennessee History 2030-007 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Jill C. Nelson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 241 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
[Last Name] 1 Jill C. Nelson Tennessee History 2030 23 February 2016 Lecture 7 Notes 2/23/2016 Tennessee and the Civil War – TN'S unique geography made it a hotly sought after prize of war and its division over secession, left bitter rivalries which would continue long after. Initially, most TN showed little enthusiasm for breaking away from a nation whose struggles it had shared for so long. The East TN Unionists formed their own convention and met regularly in Greenville, TN. Kentucky will remain Unionists who support the Union. Tennessee is trying to stay uninvolved from the war. John Bell – Senator from TN (Unionist) who turned against AJ and aligned himself with the Whig Party during this time, although he was elected by a slim margin, he attempted to search for a solution to the division in TN over secession. He doesn't think TN should leave Union. A proposal was made in the Memphis Appeal to build a fort at Randolph, TN, on the MS River to support Southern Secession, by joining Alabama and Georgia. TN still avoids joining the cause. Knoxville Whig – ProUnion Newspaper (Feb 3 1861) published a "Secret Circular" that had mistakenly been sent by its authors to a proUnion TN U.S. Postmaster. Plan of Secret Circular [Last Name] 2 Propaganda to be launched and terror campaign to convince TN people that the strength of the prosectionist movement was overwhelming. The KKK was promoting this terror campaign. Attack on Fort Sumter: on April 12, 1861, followed by Pres Lincoln's April 15 call for 75k volunteers to put the seceded states back into line, public sentiment turned dramatically against the Union. The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 1214. 1861) was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter near Charleston, SC, that started the American Civil War. This would be known as the first act of the Civil War. Isham Harris – Served as gov of TN from 1857 to 1862. First gov of TN. He is originally pro Union but he issues a referendum. Began military mobilization, submitted ordinance of secession to the Gen Assembly, made direct overtures to the Confederate gov Having ratified by popular vote, its connection with the fledging Confederacy, TN became the last state to formally declare its withdrawal from the Union (they were the first state to get back with the Union after the war) Conflicting Media According to the Memphis Appeal newspaper, TN'S secession was motivated by the state's desire to continue the institution of slavery "For it and its perpetuation we commenced and have kept it at war." Memphis Appeal (October 31, 1864) The Memphis Appeal wanted to preserve the institution of slavery for state's rights (the rights for states to choose what they want to do) Slavery Documentary (in class documentary [Last Name] 3 For 250 years, most AA suffered from slavery. They were sold at auctions. Louis B. Hughes composed "Thirty Years a Slave." Cotton was part of the Industrial Revolution and created thousands of jobs outside of the South. By early 19 century, abolitionists had succeeded in eradicating slavery. But the slave population skyrocketed to 4 million by 1860. Slavery heaviest in West TN counties There was a freed Black population in Memphis. Nashville had both the largest freed man population and the highest slave population. Urban Slaves – worked in different factories Slaves tried to escape through the Underground Railroad. Hughes tried to escape and was caught after a $500 reward was offered. He was severely beaten and whipped. Christianity: The slaves saw this as a source of liberation. Slaves began singing and using music to comfort themselves in times of hardships – thus the sorrow songs emerged. Teaching slaves to read or write was strictly forbidden. Whites were scared of slaves who were educated. Forts Henry and Donelson fell and opened up the opportunity of invasion. 1861 – Congress passed legislation saying that people owned their slaves. The second confiscation act made it illegal to deny refuge to slaves. Emancipation Proclamation did not apply to TN – gave freed black men a chance to fight with the army who helped liberate them Civil War freed nearly 4 million AA Congress established the Bureau of Freedman Refugees – discussed what to do with freed men and how to meet their needs Louis B Hughes became a nurse. He found his long lost brother in Ohio.
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