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ART 2140

by: Kendyll Haven

ART 2140 ART 2140 - 05

Kendyll Haven
GPA 3.54
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About this Document

These notes cover The Middle Ages and art movements from the Middle Ages through Gothic art and into Modern architecture.
Themes in Visual Culture
Rebecca Diane Sargent
Class Notes
Art, Gothic Architecture, Renaissance Art, religion




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kendyll Haven on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 2140 - 05 at Wright State University taught by Rebecca Diane Sargent in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Themes in Visual Culture in Art at Wright State University.


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Date Created: 02/23/16
Middle Ages ● The Middle Age Movement was the time between Ancient Art and the Renaissance period of Art ● The beginning of the Middle Ages was marked by the fall of the Roman Empire (San Vitale  Church, a beginning art piece) ● Byzantine Empire ○ Justinian warranted the construction of the Hagia Sophia to represent his rule, which is widely  recognized for its large dome roof ● Stylistic Changes to Art ○ art began exhibiting a flatness, loss of realism, because he art was instead meant to strictly show  religious figures and stories ○ Religious Art Differences ■ Christianity­ destroyed every art piece that didn’t depict righteous figures ■ Judaism­ rarely depicted people ■ Islam­ art was almost entirely symbols ● The Rise of Islam ○ after the death of the prophet Mohammad, Islamic faith grew tremendously ● The Crusades ○ The Christian retaliation to the growth of Islam, in which the catholic church went to war to  expel all Muslims, believing that killing them would secure them a place in heaven ● Romanesque Art ○ In western Europe, art was influenced by ancient art forms ○ illuminated manuscript arose; a delicate decoration of handwritten text ● Gothic Art ○ in the end of the Middle Ages, Gothic art arose right before the Renaissance ○ Gothic Churches ■ began construction in the early 1200’s and the architecture style is marked by their use of spires  (sky spikes) and flying buttresses (architectural element that allowed enough stability to build  churches higher) Architecture  ● Architecture is a symbol of safety and energy but limited by structural concerns ○ basic load baring construction: ■ Making a pile (Great Pyramids) ○ Post and lintel construction: ■ two vertical posts with a horizontal post on top (the Temple of Amen Rae) ○ Corbelled Arch ■ stones built into a basic wall and then an archway caved into the wall ○ Rounded arch ■ stones built into an arch, the curved portion being lined with entire stones ● Emergence of Modern Materials ○ iron was starting to be cast into almost any shape ○ steel framed buildings began emerging a people realized it was stronger than iron ■ brought about the beginning of skyscrapers ○ reinforced concrete contained metal rebar for extra support Unity, Variety, Balance ● Unity is the harmony of a design ● Variety is the utilization of different ideas to create unity in a work of art ● Unity ○ provides a cohesiveness that communicates an idea ■ Compositional Unity ● organizing visual aspects of a work of art ■ Conceptual Unity ● the expression of ideas in a work through means other than literal (Kurt Schwitters’ Collage) ● Variety ○ diversity of ideas put together ● Balance ○ the distribution of elements of art ○ symmetrical balance ■ work is the same on both sides ○ radial symmetry ■ work is the same when rotated (mandala)


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