Communications 344- Week Three Notes
Communications 344- Week Three Notes Comm 344
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COMM 1210100-127:Perspectives on Human Communication
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kyndra Harris on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 344 at Western Illinois University taught by Dr. Nathan Miczo in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Communication in Communication at Western Illinois University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
MasculineFeminine Dimensions – February 2, 2016 (week three) Masculine: emphasize rigid sex roles Males are socialized to be tough, achievement oriented, and concerned with material success. If males are a certain way, then females then tend to be the opposite Women are socialized to be tender and concerned with the quality of life Feminine: sex role distinctions are less rigid. Males and females have more overlap when it comes to their qualities. Implications: Masculine conflict: men are more aggressive and women are calm and want to talk about the situation (more emotional) Feminine conflict: both men and women react and handle things relatively the same, which varies from culture to culture. everyone is less concerned with competition etc… Marriage: Masculine: men do the work and hard labor as well as make the money for the family. The women stay home and take care of the home and children. Feminine: Men and women are egalitarian with the outside and inside (home) work. Workplace: Masculine: men do the hard/dirty work while the women work in the offices as secretaries and clerks. A woman in a higher position would be considered a “bitch” or “bossy” while a man would be classified as a “leader” or “assertive” The United States falls on the list of being more masculine with 15/53. Most masculine countries are: Germany, Ireland, Jamaica, Switzerland, etc.. Low masculine countries: Norway, Denmark (Northern European countries) “low masculine”= low power difference and vice versa. Individualism – Collectivism Individualism: emphasize individual goals over group goals: the individual self is unique you belong to many different groups, but not for very long. Only a part of it for as long as it benefits you then you move on to a different one. Collectivism: emphasis of group goals over individual goals looks at what is best for the group at all times. the individual self is defined by the roles they play within the groups. each person has a membership in fewer groups, but each group is often kept for a lifetime. Implications: o Dating/marriage: high divorce rates are common in individualistic cultures because people worry about their individual needs. When dating, if there isn’t a mutual happiness between both people in the couple, one will end the relationship because their needs aren’t being met, rather than taking the other person’s feelings into consideration. o This is opposite for collectivist cultures. They think about the good for everyone (i.e. children) when dealing with relational problems. When dating, the person may not break up with the other because they like them a lot and would be sad if they were dumped by said person. o Workplace: in individualistic cultures it is common for someone to relocate jobs and positions. You often do not consider the first job you get out of college to be your last. People tend to stay for as long as the organization meets and helps your personal needs and goals. You want to work up to higher positions and get better jobs throughout life. o In collectivist you expect to stay there for life. You don’t want to stick out or be different than everyone else there. (i.e. the saying “the nail that sticks out gets hammered down”) o United States is #1 with being an individualistic country. High – Low Context High context: meaning located in the perceptual environment (the context) unspoken communication is more important the nonverbal is looked at Low context: meaning located in the verbal message silence is uncomfortable because silence resembles the absence of meaning. Implications Relationships: in high context, people who are sitting next to each other, but not talking are still seen to like each other. They feed off of each other’s energy rather than needing to be talking to feel the energy. In low context you have to be talking to understand each other and see compatibility. Workplace: in high context, people read between the lines when communicating instead of using it verbally. For example, in Japan, businessmen will exchange business cards that have their title and ranking on it so that you know how to address them without them verbally telling you who they are or what they do. In low context cultures your words are binding and hold importance to your actions. You can’t say one thing then do another because your language doesn’t match up. The United States is a low context culture Uncertainty Avoidance An extent to which members of culture feel threatened by uncertain or unknown situations need for predictability need for written and unwritten rules Implications Classroom: less tolerant of uncertainty. You pay to learn about a specific topic and subject by a professional, not by someone who does not know what they’re talking about. You want to be certain on what you’re learning and who is teaching it. Dating: Mixed signals aren’t what you want when looking for a potential partner. You want to know if they like you or not, not have to question where you stand with them. The United States is 43/53 on the avoidance scale, which means it has high avoidance.