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IR 350 2/11 The Arab World in Revolt

by: Maritt Nowak

IR 350 2/11 The Arab World in Revolt IR 350, HI 334

Marketplace > Boston University > International Studies > IR 350, HI 334 > IR 350 2 11 The Arab World in Revolt
Maritt Nowak
GPA 3.47

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About this Document

Egypt and the Suez crisis and other Arab Issues
History of International Relations 1945-Present
William Keylor
Class Notes
international relations, history, World History
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maritt Nowak on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to IR 350, HI 334 at Boston University taught by William Keylor in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see History of International Relations 1945-Present in International Studies at Boston University.

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Date Created: 02/23/16
IR 350/HI 334 The Arab World in Revolt      Egypt: From Monarchy to Republic   A. The “Playboy” King Farouk, 1936­52 B. The power of the Egyptian Officer Corps. C. The Coup 1. July 1952 2. General Mohammed Naguib (leader) 3. Colonel General Gamal Abdul Nasser (mastermind, charismatic, popular support) 4. the Revolutionary Council D. Economic Development Plans 1. 1955 2. World Bank Loan 3. Aswan Dam 4. U.S. & Britain pledge to finance E. Washington Reneges the Deal 1. 1956 2. The Egyptians are dealing with the Soviets (arms) 3. Eisenhower gets a lot of pushback from southerners (dam will strengthen Egyptian  cotton production) and pro­Jewish (Egypt is anti­Israel) representatives in Congress 4. Great Britain pulls out 5. World Bank pulls out 6. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles F. The Suez Canal Nationalized 1. 1956 2. surprised the world 3. British and French stockholders of Suez Canal Company angry 4. Nasser agrees to compensate…in Egyptian bonds (pretty useless for them)  I   Decline of British Influen e A. The Suez Canal 1. 1954 2. agreement for British to withdraw 3. zone can be reoccupied if security is threatened A. Britain Challenged/The Reaction in London 1. Prime Minister Anthony Eden 2. 1955 3. Nasser’s action denounced as illegal 4. “the incarnation of Hitler” B. The Reaction in Paris 1. Prime Minister Guy Mollet 2. Nasser is harboring Algerian terrorists 3. also compares Nasser to Hitler 4. Suez canal is vital to French trade C. The Secret Plan 1. France, Britain & Israel  II   Nasser and the Pan­Arab Idea l A. The “Liberator of the Arabs” 1. 1954­56 2. Remove British power from Egypt 3. Help Algerian revolt against France 4. Liberate Palestine  IV   The Suez Fiasco  A. The Suez War 1. Autumn 1956 2. July 1956: Egypt nationalizes Suez canal 3. October 29: Israel attacks Egypt across Sinai Peninsula 4. October 31: France and Britain attack Egypt B. The Soviet Threat 1. Moscow, 1956 2. Prime Minister Nikolai Bulganin sends letter threatening “rocket attacks” on London 3. diversion from crisis in Hungary C. Ike Forces a Withdrawal 1. Washinton, 1956 2. resented the secret plan of allies evicting Egypt from Suez Canal 3. U.S. does not want war 4. Distraction from Hungarian crisis D. Nasser turns to Moscow 1. 1956 2. Soviet Union helps finance Aswan high dam a) 1/3 of $1 billion b) 400 technicians  V   The Eisenhower Doctrine   A. January 5, 1957 B. assist Middle East nations in developing economic strength to maintain independence C. military assistance and cooperation to nations that request it D. employ armed forces to protect territorial integrity and independence of nations  threatened by communism/Nasserism  VI   Crises in Iraq, Lebanon & Jorda  B. Iraq 1. The New King Faisal II a) May 2, 1953 b) Faisal I was the 3rd son of Hussein bin­Ali (Hashemite) c) British puppet d) 1921­1933 e) King Ghazi (son) from 1933­1939 f) Uncle rules as regent from 1939­1953 2. The End of the Young King a) Baghdad, July 14, 1958 b) coup d’état & royal family killed 3. Iraq becomes a “republic” a) 1958 b) Brigadier Abdul Karim Kassem C. Lebanon 1. Lebanese Government Under Fire a) 1958 b) President Camille Chamoun c) Maronite Christians dominate the government d) Muslims (50% of population) feel excluded e) Chamoun suspected of illegally prolonging his stay in office to keep Christians in  control f) Muslims enraged 2. The Marines Land a) Beirut b) 3,200 Marines to protect American lives and Lebanese government D. Jordan 1. The End of King Abdullah­assassinated at Al­Aqsa Mosque 2. The New King Talal Becomes III a) 1952 b) deposed because of mental illness 3. King Hussein enthroned a) May 2, 1953 b) 19 years old c) educated in England d) married to an English woman e) father of Abdullah II (current king of Jordan) 4. British Marines in Jordan a) 1958 b) Hussein calls in British troops c) convinced Nasser is going to invade A. British Marines in Kuwait 1. 1961 2. Britain grants independence 3. President Kassem of Iraq claims Kuwait is part of his country, he’s going to annex it 4. Kassem assembles armored brigade 5. Emir of Kuwait appeals to Britain and Saudi Arabia for help 6. British troops arrive and deter Iraqi invasion


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