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HDFS 1300

by: Corina Johnson
Corina Johnson

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Chapter 4 Notes
Development Self-Regulation Learning
Laura Jacobs
Class Notes
Education, learning, Teachers, University of houston
25 ?




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This 17 page Class Notes was uploaded by Corina Johnson on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 18242 at University of Houston taught by Laura Jacobs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Development Self-Regulation Learning in Education and Teacher Studies at University of Houston.

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Date Created: 02/23/16
Chapter4: TheRoleofGender HDFS 1300 Development of Contemporary Families Dept. of Psychological, Health, and Learning Sciences University of Houston Dr. Jordan LectureGuidingQuestion 1. What are the differences between sex and gender? 2. What influences a person’s gender? 3. What is sexual orientation? Whatisthediff erence between sex and gender? SEX = biological differences GENDER= societalpractices Based on differences in sexual organs, Not based on biological differences; can hormone levels (specifically testosterone vary based on culture and society and estrogen), and chromosomes (all X chromosomes vs. a Y chromosome present) Sex roles: attitudes and behavior Genderroles: attitudes and activities that expectations determined by biology are considered acceptable for males and females based on culture Example: differences in abilities based in biology (such as ability of most women to Example: type of dress; who can be a carry a child and give birth) homemaker; who can fight on front lines of battle Can change over time APA Pamphlet on Intersex conditions: SexDifferences MALE FEMALE XY chromosomes XX chromosomes XXY chromosomes (Klinefelter Trisomy X syndrome;iple X syndrome; syndrome; -x-syndrome) nefelter-syndrome) Higher levels of testosterone in X chromosome (Turner syndrome) comparison to females, lower pitch Higher levels of estrogen in in voice, often more body hair comparison to men Male sexual organs Higher prolactin levels easily induce lactation Often greater upper body strength Female sexual organs due to body composition Ability to become pregnant and give birth Sources: Textbook;; Whatinfluencesa person’s gender? CulturalNorms Culture: everything produced by a group of humans, including behavior, art, and beliefs; what must be believed or known to be accepted Norms: expectations for appropriate behavior based on one’s culture Every culture has different norms that include different expectations for males and females ExamplesofCulturalNormsRelatedto Gender GeneralDiscussion: MaleV ersusFemale? GenderDifferencesintheU.S. Nation Thinking about the multiple ways in which cultural messages are transmitted, Local what are some gender role Community differences between males and females? Remember, Peers these are based on cultural norms—not on biological capabilities. Family (First and Strongest Influence) WhatisAndrogyny? Most people exhibit both male and female characteristics, but one dominates. and female characteristics.der roles exhibit roughly equal numbers of both male Examples in the Media: BecauseTheyareRootedinCultureand Society ,GenderNormsCanChange Changes throughout history Changes based on societal necessity Changes based on changing attitudes and equal opportunity Some changes can prove to be quite complicated ExamplesofHowGenderNormsCan Change Whatissexual orientation? SexualOrientation Refers to the sex of the person someone is sexually, romantically, and emotionally attracted to Based on the person’s biological sex and the biological sex of the people to whom they are attracted 4 Basic Classifications: 1. Heterosexual—attractedto membersof theoppositesex 2. Homosexual—attractedtomembersof thesamesex 3. Bisexual—attractedtomembersof bothsexes 4. Asexual—attractedto neithersex New term: Pansexual—displaya broadrangeof sexualattractions APA’sRecommendationsRegardingSexualOrientation: QuestionstoConsiderWhileReading: 1. What did Margaret Mead learn about the impact of social in determining gender roles? 2. What is the difference between patriarchy and matriarchy? 3. What is sexism? 4. Do you think marriages is better for women or better for men? 5. How is sex related to health? 6. What does biological research tell us about sexual orientation in men and women? Please note that these are NOT the ONLY questions to consider. I am giving you some ideas for engaging in active reading and studying. Anything in your textbook is “fair game” for future exams, so read, study, and take notes on all of the topics. QuestionsAboutP aper 1? CONTACTINFO: Dr.Jordan: OR through Blackboard messenger YourTA: Don’tbeafraid Ask your designated TA questions toreachoutto during the breakout group or through Blackboard messenger uswith questions!


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