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HDFS 1300

by: Corina Johnson
Corina Johnson

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About this Document

Chapter 6&8 notes
Development Self-Regulation Learning
Laura Jacobs
Class Notes
HDFS, Education, Leaning, Teachers, University of houston
25 ?




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This 23 page Class Notes was uploaded by Corina Johnson on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 18242 at University of Houston taught by Laura Jacobs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Development Self-Regulation Learning in Education and Teacher Studies at University of Houston.

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Date Created: 02/23/16
Chapter6: SexandFertility& Chapter8: PreparingforChildren andParenting HDFS 1300 Development of Contemporary Families University of Houstonl, Health, and Learning Sciences Dr. Jordan LectureGuidingQuestions 1. What influences sexual behavior? 2. Where can you find credible information about topics related to sex and sexuality? 3. How has technology influenced the decision to become a parent? 4. What are the four general parenting styles? Whatinfluencessexual behavior? Proscriptivenorms state what people should avoid doing SexualNormsin aCulture Prescriptivenormsstate what Rules and expectations people should do about appropriate ways to channel sexual desires; these norms Cultural universalsare beliefs that regulate sexual are common to all known cultures behavior in a culture Whatinfluencessexualsatisfaction? Overall relationship satisfaction, especially Sexual for women Sex differences—Women tend to be less Satisfaction satisfied but also view satisfaction as less positive feelings necessary; this trend is changing Sex differences—gay couples tend to be toward sexuality more sexually-active than lesbian couples Marital status—married couples may be single counterparts their sex lives than their Consistency and frequency of orgasms intercoursen with sexual behaviors other than Whatinfluencessexual satisfaction? Religious views of sex—whether or not it Sexual is seen as for enjoyment or for Satisfaction procreation only Sexual confidence positive feelings Young age report more satisfaction toward sexuality Body image Physical health Mental health and stress Hormonal changes with age women had at least one extramarital affair Extramarital marriage and sexctations about love, passion, Affairs In a country where Expectation that monogamy will be easy 90% of people believe extramarital affairs are Feelings of sexual rejection or unfulfilled emotional needs (sex differences found here) always wrong, what leads people to cheat Ease of access and perceived anonymity on their spouses? Wherecanyoufind credibleinormationabout topicsrelatedtosexand sexuality? ForInformation onSTDs/STIs (the Center for Disease Control and Prevention) Search for specific fact sheets on different topics ForInformation onSexuality (the American Psychological Association) and search for “sexuality” or other related topics Howhastechnology becomeaparent?ecisionto Fertility Fertility refers to (or the fertility rate) Replacement-level of children necessary to replace yourself and a partner in the population FertilityPatternsintheU.S.byRace& Ethnicity Hispanic/Latino have the African Americans, Asians, highest fertility rates Whites 2.3 per woman (of 1.8 – 1.9 per woman childbearing age) 18-20% no children 14% no children Availability and use of contraception and abortion Fertility Availability of childcare Influenced by: Mortality rate and miscarriage Education Availability and quality of maternal health care Income Environmental toxins Labor force participation in women Preference for sons in a society Affordability of raising a child Need for family labor Family size norms in a society Sterility Average age of marriage or attempt at biological parenthood Postpartum infecundability Sexual frequency Infertility FertilityT echnologies Assisted Reproductive Technology Artificial Insemination – (ART) – any fertility treatment in inserting donor sperm directly handledoth egg & sperm are into a woman’s body Donor (AID)Insemination by Artificial Insemination by husband or male partner FertilityT echnologies  Surrogates & Donors  In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)  Hormone Therapy – use of fertility drugs to increase the monthly release of eggs  Cryopreservation – freezing eggs or sperm for later use  Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) – the process to determine sex in embryos Parenthood Postponed More popular than childfree lifestyle Leads to smaller families & lower birth rates Financial Considerations Raising a child from birth to age 18 amounts to a total cost that is 3- 4xs the family’s annual income IncidenceofAbortion One of the most common surgical procedures in U.S. In 2002about 1.31 million in U.S.  About half of unintended pregnancies Rates have decreased, due to attitudes, contraceptives, changing laws and policies Whatarethef our general parenting styles? PARENTINGSTYLESANDMODELS High Responsiveness INDULGENT AUTHORITATIVE Low Demandingness High Demandingness UNINVOLVED AUTHORITARIAN Low Responsiveness QuestionstoConsiderWhileReading(Page1 of2) 1. Are virginity pledges effective in reducing sexual activity among adolescents? 2. Are virginity pledges effective in increasing the age of first intercourse and reducing the average number of lifetime sexual partners? 3. How is fertility changing in the United States? 4. What are the most common STIs, and what are their symptoms? 5. How can STDs and STIs be prevented? 6. What are the different types of sex education programs? Please note that these are NOT the ONLY questions to consider. I am giving you some ideas for engaging in active reading and studying. Anything in your textbook is “fair game” for future exams, so read, study, and take notes on all of the topics. QuestionstoConsiderWhileReading(Page2 of2) 1. What is the difference between childfree and childless? 2. Why do some people choose to postpone parenthood? 3. What are some of the biggest financial considerations related to children? 4. What are the different types of abortion? 5. What are the different types of adoption? 6. Can you generate examples of different parenting styles? ideas for engaging in active reading and studying. Anything in your textbook is “fair game” for future exams, so read, study, and take notes on all of the topics. CONTACTINFO: Dr.Jordan: OR through Blackboard messenger YourTA: Don’tbeafraid Ask your designated TA questions toreachoutto during the breakout group or through Blackboard messenger uswith questions!


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