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Families and Social Change, Week 5 notes

by: Clarissa Hinshaw

Families and Social Change, Week 5 notes Soc 354

Marketplace > Northern Illinois University > Sociology > Soc 354 > Families and Social Change Week 5 notes
Clarissa Hinshaw
GPA 3.5

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Notes for Chapter 4 (social class).
Families and Social Change
Jan Reynolds
Class Notes
sociology, Families and Social Change
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 354 at Northern Illinois University taught by Jan Reynolds in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Families and Social Change in Sociology at Northern Illinois University.

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Date Created: 02/23/16
Chapter 4 Families and Social Class  Division of labor: deciding who is responsible for what in a home or society  Social capital: the amount of opportunities a person has based on social connections.  People are often rich because of their family and connections  Class identity: defining what social class a person belongs to   US class structures o Capitalist and managerial class: the upper, referred to as the ‘top 1%’. They  have a high political influence and high standard of living.  o Middle class: not rich, but usually have a college degree and stable employment.  Almost half of the population. o Working class: slightly more of the population than the middle class. Similar in  structure, but often lacks postsecondary education and employment is often  unstable and are hid hard during difficult economic times.   o Lower class: people living inpoverty and often need government assistance to  survive. Extreme poverty sometimes leaves people homeless in this group. This  group increases during hard economic times.   Income inequality has risen in recent years with the rich getter richer and the rest  of us getting poorer.   Poverty line: line which defines a family of 4 as poor.  o Has increased since 2000 o Black and Hispanic families are more likely to be poor o If a person is raised in a poverty family, it is very difficult to get out of. o Many of these families are short of basic needs, such as food and shelter. o Although homelessness has declined since 2000, it is still a major concern. o Many people move in and out of poverty, depending on the economy.  o Programs to help the poor include Medicaid, Food Stamps, Women  Infants & Children, disability assistance, public or subsidized housing,  Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, etc.  o Although some successfully rise out of poverty, many are not able to.  Children of other countries are more likely to than the US.  o Rich kids often inherit their parents’ wealth. Less of the rich estates are  taxed than in the past, contributing to greater income inequality.   How single parent families often differ from married couple families o Money: children often have less opportunities because of their parent’s lack of  income. o Time: single parents often have less time to spend with their children, especially  when government programs require them to work in order to receive help. These  children often go unsupervised, learn more about behavior from peers or the  media, and often get into more trouble than children of married couple families.  o Social capital: fewer economic resources for children.   How money affects parenting decisions o Parents with more money are able to provide more opportunities for their children to gain skills. This is called concerted cultivation. o Parents with self­directed jobs taught their children to choose their own destiny,  while parents with high­order jobs taught their children to value conformity.  o Working class and poor parents are more focused on making sure their children  have a good childhood.  o Children of middle class parents often feel prepared for the working world, but of  often stressed because they don’t have enough social or free time. Children of  working class and poor families often have the opposite situation. 


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