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Intro to Communication, Week 4 Notes

by: Rebecca Smith

Intro to Communication, Week 4 Notes CO 1013

Rebecca Smith
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover Chapter 5 and Chapter 7
Into to Communication
Emily Cain
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CO 1013 at Mississippi State University taught by Emily Cain in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Into to Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Mississippi State University.

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Date Created: 02/23/16
Intro to Communication Chapter 5 Nonverbal Communication  Present most of the time o Emoji’s are nonverbal o 70-93% of communication is nonverbal  Believed more than verbal o Get suspicious o Believed what’s observed  Primary way we show emotion Physical Appearance  We judge each other  It affects how we treat/interact with certain people and each other o Beauty bias  Halo Effect o Attractiveness= positive qualities Face Displays  Attractiveness based on 2 things o Proportionality o Symmetry  Shows emotion o Muscles allow for different face contortions o 6 emotions are interpreted same way across world: happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, and disgust Eye Behaviors  Signals attraction o Hold gaze longer  Shows credibility o Eye contact  Used for intimidation o Shows who’s in control Movements and Gestures  Kinesics o Study of body language/movements o We manipulate body language to portray certain things  Gesticulation o Hard language o Direct translation o Emblem o Illustration o Affect displays o Regulators o Movement makes you feel comfortable with environment and helps you cope Touch Behaviors  Haptics o Study of touch  1 sense to develop  Several types of touch o Affection o Care-giving (personal care) o Controlling o Aggressive o Ritual Space  Proxemics o Study of space  Our “personal bubble” o Not comfortable close to strangers o Claiming space- use of space communicates things Time  Chronemics o Study of time  How we give time (or not)  Power= control of time o Whoever is in control of time has power Smell  Olfactics o Study of smell  Strongly tied to memory o Cologne o Baked cookies o Cut grass o Use smell to create feeling in people  Also tied to sexual attraction o Pheromones- “personal scent” Artifacts  Objects/visual features in our environment o Decorations o Posters o Stickers  Can facilitate or inhibit communication o By providing or not providing a common bond Vocal Behaviors  Vocalics/Paralanguage o “not what you said, but how you said it” o Stressed words  Includes several things o Pitch  Change of high and lowness o Inflection  Opposite of monotone o Volume  Quite=shy  Loud=lively o Rate o Pronunciation o Articulation o Filler words  “um” and “like” o Accent  Communicates nationality or demographic o Silence  Can communicate madness or sadness Influence of culture  Changes meaning across the world  Gestures/Emblems  Personal distance  Eye contact  Greetings  Use of time Influence of sex/gender  Showing emotion  Eye contact in same sex pairs  Personal space  Vocalics Chapter 7 Why do social relationships matter?  Need to Belong theory o Face needs include acceptance o Humans want to interact but there’s cost and rewards o Rewards  Emotional  Material  Health o Costs  Time  Emotion  Material things  Physical investments Attraction Theory  How/why we are attracted to certain people and not others  There’s different forms of attraction  Physical attraction o You admire clothes and vibes  Social attraction o You like their personality o Get along with the way they make us feel  Task attraction o You like what they can do for you  Similarity o Similar interests and backgrounds  Complementarity o Opposites attract  Proximity o Near-by people  Cyberattraction o Like online traits Uncertainty Reduction Theory  What are we uncertain about? o How person thinks or behaves  Uncertainty is unpleasant and uneasy so we try it reduce it o By learning about them  We use many different strategies o Passive  Notice and observe them o Active  Ask others about them o Interactive  Talk and ask questions to them  Reduced uncertainty= liking the person? o Not always true Social Exchange Theory  We want the benefits to outweigh the costs Comparison level: your relationship versus what you expect More than expected Less than expected Comparison level of Better than Happy, stable Unhappy, stable alternatives: you alternatives relationship versus Worse than Happy, maybe Unhappy, unstable other options alternatives unstable Equity Theory  We want to benefit equally  Good relationships= partners have equal ratio of positives and negatives/ gives and takes Social penetration theory  Breadth o How great are the variety of topics  Depth o Know core level of topics not just surface  Good relationships= both breadth and depth of topics are covered and known Self-Disclosure  Varies among relationships  Usually reciprocal  Culture and gender play a role  Benefits o Intimacy o Support o Connection  Risks o Black mail o Vulnerability


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