SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 9
SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 9 Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina Smith on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Georgia State University taught by Professor Banton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Social Sciences at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Chapter 9 Comparing race and ethnicity Race: A category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior, often on the basis of real or alleged physical characteristics. Ethnic group: A collection of people distinguished by others or by themselves, primarily on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics. Dominant and Subordinate Groups Dominant Group: A racial or ethnic group that has the creates power and resources in society Subordinate group: Members are disadvantaged and subjected to equal treatment and discrimination by the dominant group Prejudice Prejudice: A negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about members of specific racial, ethnic or other groups Stereotypes: Overgeneralizations about the characteristics of a group Racism: Set of attitudes and practices that is used to justify the superior treatment of another group Theories of Prejudice Frustrationaggression Hypothesis: Replying with aggression in efforts to achieve a highly desired goal. Scapegoat: A group that is incapable of offering resistance to the hostility or aggression of others. Authoritarian Personality: Characterized by excessive conformity submissiveness to authority, intolerance, insecurity, and a high level of superstition. Discrimination: Actions or practices of dominantgroup members that have a harmful effect on another group. Genocide: The deliberate, systematic killing of an entire people or nation Individual Discrimination: Behavior consisting of oneonone acts by member of the dominant group Institutional Discrimination: Daytoday practice of organizations and institutions that participate indiscrimination. Functionalist Perspective Assimilation: Processes by which member of subordinate racial and ethnic groups become absorbed into the dominant culture. Structural Assimilation: when member of the subordinate groups gain acceptance by member of the dominant group. Psychological Assimilation: Change in racial or ethnic selfidentification on the part of an individual. Ethnic Pluralism Ethnic Pluralism: Coexistence of a variety of distinct racial and ethnic groups within one society. Segregation: Social separation of categories of people by race etc. Conflict Perspectives The Caste Perspective: Racial and ethnic inequality as a permanent feature of the US society. Class Perspectives: Emphasize the role of the capitalist class in perpetuating racial inequality. Internal Colonialism: When members of and ethnic group are conquered and forcibly placed under the dominant group. Split Labor Market Theory The division of the economy into two areas of employment. 1. Primary sector higher paid 2. Secondary sector lower paid Perspectives on Race and Gender Gender Racism: Interactive effect of racism and sexism on the exploitation of women Racial Formation Actions of the government substantially define eacial and ethinic relations in the United States. From the Lecture Systemic: Affects everything at the same time Systematic: affects all social institutions but not at the same time. Social Institutions: 1. Government 2. Military 3. Education 4. Religion 5. Economy 6. Healthcare Different levels of power = different degrees of authority Components of a Bureaucracy: 1. Hierarchy of Authority 2. Division of Labor 3. Written Rules and Regulations 4. Impersonality 5. Over Favoritism From the quiz When a person has multiple roles that have demands that conflict with each other, like being a full-time student with a full-time job, that person is said to have role conflict. Theoretically, college graduate is an example of an achieved status. A bureaucracy has all of the following except equal distribution of power and access to resources. A shared language is a nonmaterial component of culture that connects members within a society. Race is a status indicator and a social construct. Social structure is the highly organized system that is the skeleton of a society. The curse of Ham, as explanation for the enslavement of Black and Brown people, is an example of reification, a stage in the social construction of reality. The following theorist focused heavily on the human rights of African American women: Anna Julia Cooper. Assimilation is the process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnic groups become absorbed into the dominant culture. A theory is an explanation of some phenomenon.
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