Music Appreciation week 1
Music Appreciation week 1
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This 6 page Reader was uploaded by Casey Pond on Tuesday April 1, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 223 views.
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Date Created: 04/01/14
Music 15 4414 3 12 PM Periods of Music History 6 major periods many overlap sort of problematic O OOOOO Medieva NOT GOING TO BE COVERED Renaissance Baroque Classical Romantic 20th Century The Middle Ages Medieval 4761450 Began roughly in 476 with the fall of Rome A time of relative isolation slow change Ascendancy of the Christian church catholic church begins to dominate The church was the center of knowledge Most preserved art and music is sacred 0 Paper and ink were EXTREMELY expensive Charlemagne 742814 0 O Holy Roman Emperor in the year 1800 Bargained with pope to work together to create Empire major force in standardizing music and the church so they have a unified holy Roman Empire Had a diverse muti ethnic empire Needed to consolidate to maintain power Consolidated liturgy church texts by standardizing Catholic mass Consolidated music by standardizing musical notation and content Music was all about FUNCTION not entertainment a priest to be able to convey texts to his congregation Singing makes it easier to remember you are able to project your voice better than if you were speaking Sacred religious or spiritual in nature Secular not religious The Renaissance Functional Art 4414 312 PM Josquin des Prez Motet Ava Maria gratia plena virgo serena 4 different parts religious starts with high tone ends with low base pitch had some parts that were like a round Pope Marcellus Mass Paestina Gloria 6 different parts more voices Religious All voices come along at the same time No rounds The Renaissance 14501600 0 A rebirth of learning and innovation 1453 fall of Constantinople Fall of second half of Roman Empire Increased interest in Ancient Greece and Rome Rise of Humanism o Increased interest in life and human value vs Medieval focus or religion and afterlife Caused from A effects of black plague people wanted to live their lives more fully More commercialism and centralized governments flourishing of innovation and arts Art becomes more realistic styles in visual arts more perspective and depth The Counter Reformation Protestant reformation Early 1500s Reaction to corruption in Catholic Church Counter Reformation The Catholic Church39s response o An attempt to reform within the Church o Council of Trent 15451563 meetings of a group of 255 clergy to establish new policies for the church Music and the Counter Reformation Musical Consequences songs became too complicated with sometimes 25 differents parts defeats the purpose you cant understand any of the words Secular music and lyrics banned from performance in church A cappella music preferred 0 Vocal music without instruments Backlash against polyphony because it obscured the text Polyphony Multiple musical lines sounding simultaneously 7EQX sometimes makes it very hard to understand the words Cathoic church wanted it to be restrained or banned Palestrina The man who saved Poyphony Giovanni Perluigi da Palenstrina 15241595 Born in Palestrina Italy near Rome Famous more a more conservative restrained style of polyphony Wrote music for hundreds of masses Mass type of genre a way to categorize music based on shared musical traits or functions Mass the musical setting of the ordinaries from the mass According to legend the work that saved polyphony Published 1567 Dedicated to Pope Marcellus Amateur Music Making in the Renaissance Facilitated by the invention of printed music 1501 by Ottaviano Petrucci Rising bourgeois class larger and more powerful middle class Genre 0 9 Music parties sung music together something for people to do ability to participate showed that you were of a certain social classlevel Madrigal Secular nothing to do with church Popular from 1520s 1620s Started in Italy later migrated to England Popular with wealthy amateurs as a participatory activity Short 37 minutes A cappella General Characteristics 0 Text is often highly expressive 0 Text and music are closely related 0 Often include risqu content Double entendres puns sexual allusions 0 Word painting occurs when vocal music illustrates the words being sung Jacques Arcadelt Worked in Italy wasn39t Italian 250 madrigals His 1 book of madrigals containing II bianco was the most widely reprinted collection of the time I bianco e dolce Cignoquot 0 genre madrigal 0 published 1538 0 simple style very clear melody in upper voice Melody the tune o Subtle word painting Multiple entries on words di mille morti a thousand deaths evoke idea of a high number Idea of death in Renaissance sexual The Madrigal in England Starts with Musical Transapina 1588 0 Collection of Italian madrigals in English translation Starting in 195039s English composers began to write madrigals in their own style Lighter more playful themes Word painting is less subtle Lyrics often evoke pastoral go out into the nature settings popular in over crowded London John Farmer 15911601 Possibly born 1570 0 Active in Dublin amp London Most famous for Fair Phyllis 0 Published 1599 Mad gal Not so subtle word painting Pastoral setting Light and playful theme Coded eroticism OOOOO 4414 3 12 PM
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