Essentials of Public Health Chapter 4 MON. Feb. 22 notes
Essentials of Public Health Chapter 4 MON. Feb. 22 notes PHLT 101-41
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ciara Morales on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHLT 101-41 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Zupenda Davis-Shine in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Essentials of Public Health in Public Health at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
CHAPTER 4 HOW IS PUBLIC HEALTH RELATED TO THE SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES? - We ALL share a fundamental belief to improve the lives of individuals as well as society as a whole COMPLEX INTERACTIONS - Aimed to improve population health - Requires an understanding of the complex relationship between social systems + health LEVELS of INFLUENCE 1. Individual Lifestyle Factors 2. Social and Community networks i) Interpersonal ii) Institutional/organizational iii) Community 3. General Socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions INFLUENCING BEHAVIOR - Shaping norms (example: everyone drinking at a party makes others to do the same to not feel exclusion; people not wearing a helmet while riding a bike may seem uncool) - Enforcing patterns of social control (example: rolling stop sign) - Providing or not providing opportunities to engage in certain behaviors - Reducing or producing stress SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, CULTURE and RELIGION- How do these affect health? Socioeconomic statuses (SES) economic measures including: - Family income - Educational level and parents’ educational level - Professional status or parents’ professional status Culture is related to behavior. - Food preferences – vegetarian, Mediterranean - Cooking methods - History of biding feet in China - Female genital mutilation - Role of exercise Culture is related to response to symptoms. - Example: cultural differences in seeking care Culture is related to types of interventions that are acceptable. Culture is related to response to disease and intervention. Religion: - Social practices (ex- use of contraceptives, alcohol consumption) - May affect the response to symptoms - May affect types of acceptable interventions - May affect response to disease (ex-attitudes of abortion, role of prayer as intervention) 10 SOCIAL DETERMINANT OF HEALTH: 1. Social status 2. Social support or alienation 3. Food (obesity, food deserts, food insecurity) 4. Housing 5. Education 6. Work 7. Stress 8. Transportation 9. Place 10. Access to health services (health insurance and the # of health care providers) Non-communicable Disease - Coronary heart disease - Colorectal cancer screening - Air pollution - Motor vehicle crashes - HIV - Influenza vaccination Can health behavior be changed? - Reduction in cigarette smoking - Seat belt use - Back to sleep practices for infants Substitutions- example of chewing gum in place of cigarette smoking Incentives – example of rewarding good behavior such as saving all the money you would have used to buy cigarettes to buy a new purse or handbag Read in the book THEORY vs. MODEL (went over it briefly and too quickly in class) Intrapersonal- focusing on individual characteristics Interpersonal- Focusing on relationships Population and Community 5 STAGES OF CHANGE: 1. Precontemplation 2. Contemplation 3. Preparation 4. Action 5. Maintenance Diffusion of Innovation Theory – ADAPTERS - Early adapters - Early majority adapters - Late adapters SOCIAL MONITORING - Product, price, place, promotion - Examples in class (The Truth campaign youtube video, the Consent video, and the SuperBowl video on domestic violence, etc)
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