Arch 218 Week 9 Notes
Arch 218 Week 9 Notes ARCH 218-02
Popular in History of World Architecture: Middle Ages-18th Century
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bobbi Ellias on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 218-02 at California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo taught by Yip, Christopher L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see History of World Architecture: Middle Ages-18th Century in Architecture at California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
2-23-16 Spain wished to re-establish a mirror image of itself, the “correct” civilization, social order and religion in the Americas. 1. Name: Escorial Location: Madrid, Spain Architect: Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera Importance: Architectural and urban planning models adapt from Spanish contemporary usage to the extent possible 2. Name: Santa Fe Bastide(1492) Location: Sante Fe, Spain Architect: Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain Importance: conquest of Granada were models that could be used in the Americas Notes about Spanish Conquest: *Problem with the spreading of Spaniards- spreading of disease. -When Spain takes over Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). Charles V of Spain rebuilds churches to show conquest power. Implement Missionary system- task to christianize the population. Early *Spanish practice of destroying the existing religious monuments and turning site into church shows that conversion was as important as military conquest for Spanish control. 3. Name: St Matthew the Apostle Location: Atlatlauhcan Mexico Importance: Interior for the Spanish elite; open air enclosure for the native population. Church front as chapel and alter for atrio. 4. Name: San Agustin Architect: Native Population Location: Acolman, Mexico Importance: Conventos (friaries and nunneries) established as extensions of imperial control. Shows Spanish version of roman architecture. Long narrow buildings without side isles (too difﬁcult to build). Interior: wall painting in church (to cater to lack of literacy). Combine inﬂuences from eclectic Spanish and local inﬂuences 5. Name: Our Lady of Guadalupe Cathedral Location: Center of Mexico City Architect: Juan Gomez de Mora and Cluadio de Arcinega (brought from Spain) Importance: Largest Cathedral built in Americas. 6. Name: Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa Location: San Luis Obispo, CA Importance: Shows traveling upward through central Ameirca. Create central local Spanish nobility to rule the peasants 2-23-16 ** what was Spain’s attitude to its new colonies, and how was it manifested in local planning and urban structures? Wanted to use a new population (native american populations) so they could conquer and convert. and have a new class to have power over. Did not just want land, but wanted people. Notes on Portuguese expansion: Portugese take over Brazil (portugal direct conﬂict vs Spain) but portugal had harder time than Spain because their side of the world included China- and Portugal, being such a small country, couldn’t conquer China. Portugal was relatively easy though. Portugal: had gold, silver, gems (became very wealthy) 1. Location: Ouro Petro, Brazil 2. Importance: Mining town, implement Portuguese style in Brazil. blue tile (muslim countries controlled portal at one point) 2. Name: Sao Francisco de Assisi Architect: Aleijadinho Locaiton: Ouro Petro, Brazil Importacne: Brazilian Baroque based on Portuguese renaissance and Baroque architecture MANY DIFFERENCES IN COLONIZATION ONCE THEY MOVE NORTH 1. Location: Boston (1630) Importance: Puritans ﬂee England to rid European Church. Ask for “royal charter” to create own colony. -Streets molded to the land contorurs; market square at the intersection of the main highway and wharf street became site for meeting house. Commons, multiple ﬁelds (everybody had the right to graze their animals in common). 2. Name: Parson Capen House Location: Topsﬁeld, MA, USA **90-95% of population lived in one room houses! (possible test question!) Importance: Huge in comparison to most houses. Windows put together with lead (imported from England). Center ﬁreplace. Considered a mansion. Parson= church leader. TEST QUESTION: The buildings of colonial New England were modeled on… (Answer: Midieval English wood 1. construction) 3. Name: Westover Location: James County, VA 2-23-16 Importance: Colonial Virginia dominated by landed planter elite with their large plantations and great houses modeled on Georgian England. Sons in England who cannot inherit land (2nd or 3rd kid.. sent to live here to be productive and landowners). -Idea was that only landowners can vote here, so if european men were sent over and held land the they could be powerful (more powerful than they would have been as 2nd or 3rd son in England) Style: Georgian Architecture (copies King George’s architecture) 4. Location: Williamsburg, VA Importance: city layout. Modeled on fashionable London to serve the ruling planter elite. Duke of Gloucester Street. Holds William and Mary College **all businesses or ofﬁce buildings were houses as well! 5. Name: Bruton Parish Church Location: Williamsburg VA Importance: brought church of england with them. 6. Governor’s Palace Location: Williamsburg Architect: Henry Cary Builder Importance: Georgian Architecture. Great central hall. Classical ornament. Place where wealthy parents brought their son’s and daughters in hopes of marrying them off. Interior: most ornate and expensive out of any in the colonies **Questions: Were either Virginia or New England colonists believers in equality? (NO) 7. Philadelphia Importance: cheap land. Quakers- buy/sell speculate land (guess economic value without ever seeing it!). makes layout rectangular or square in order to see value based on square footage and for easy calculations. *Model for development of American city a. Elfreth Alley Importance: structure of town. close buildings 8. Name: Lascource-Durand House Location: St. Genevieve, MO Style: French Colonial Importance: the one room house was the most common dwelling in colonial america. Cheaper and built quicker/less well. Not many left today. Started development of porches around house. 2-23-16 9. Bolduc House: (french history moving south) 10. Plantation Style House: destrehan plantation hosue
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