JDST 340 WEEK 5 NOTES
JDST 340 WEEK 5 NOTES JDST 340
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Roulhac on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JDST 340 at University of Maryland - Baltimore County taught by Severin Hochberg in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see JDST 340 in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Maryland - Baltimore County.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
<<<<<<<< 03/01/16 >>>>>>>> "The Troublesome Jews" and their arrival in Europe o 1st wave ( Sephardic Jews) from Judea and Babylonia (Iraq) across N. Africa to Spain Jews and Muslims allies in the conquest of S. Spain in early 8th century o 2nd wave from Judea to "Italy" and then up the Rhine river in the early 10th century (Jews build communities around trading fairs) and then to N. France, specifically Normandy (deal with William the Bastard then Conqueror and moved to England when he conquered it in 1066) Why did Jews leave Judea: probably a combination of politics and economy What is attracting them to these new places: economy, trade and opportunity grow Life in Medieval Europe: Relationship of the State and the Church Europe in the 10th century is feudalism a military system: Church/King (theoretically the Church was the head and they answered to the Pope and there was tension over who the Church was loyal to and that exploded by King Henry VIII) >Baron>Knight> Serf (Merchants in this mix somewhere and when Jews come they do not really belong anywhere) System is for protection because there are a lot of attacks by monadic people (Vikings, Huns…) The Church was the civilizing institution (how to behave your self) which is why there is a relationship between the King and the Church The Jews are foreigners to these places , they look different, speak and dress differently (may assimilate to the lang. later) Why would the Jews live close to the Cathedral/Castle that’s were the trade was and protection; they would be invited and their relationship would be with the Ruler and it is written down, it is a contract where 1) the ruler would give certain rights to the Jews right to have Synagogues and observe their religion, have a certain number of families settle with them and children, right to trade (lending), right to be tried by their own peers/King, but not by the Church (Cannon) law and protected from the population and things they could not do (could not convert anyone) and 2) the obligations of the Jews to the King to pay and collect taxes (one of the main reasons they were thrown out of England) The Jews are a literate population (only other people who know are the monks) they keep the books, records, history, bookkeeping and Kings needs clothing (symbol of prestige) and you need people who can get certain materials for you. Kings need the Jews to collect the taxes and to get money in order to build things and fight wars and to give money to the people so they can do for themselves (basic machinery, rebuild crop/get material and survive bad times) Kings had to rely on Jews because Christians and Muslims could not because there was a cap on how much can be charged and that was in the interest of the King and the governing body How to read documents: 1 This world that is looked at is not our world (it's ok if you do not understand) 2 This is all written by authority 3 Be aware that there were two phases of relations with the Jews and the 1st (1000 1300 A.D) is not a bad situation and then things get worse and worse Summary should be a few pages: try to respond
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