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The French Revolution

by: Naida Adams

The French Revolution hist 1031

Naida Adams
GPA 2.4

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About this Document

Notes for week 6, 2-16-16 to 2-18-16
World Civilizations Since 1500
Michael B Gross
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Naida Adams on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to hist 1031 at East Carolina University taught by Michael B Gross in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations Since 1500 in History at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 02/23/16
The French Revolution   2­16­16  ­French Revolution is still alive and inspiring people around the world   ● 4 Phases:   ○ reform: (initiated the revolution) not violent    ○ revolution: violence begins   ○ radicalization: (second revolution) more violent   ○ reaction: (return to reform phase) peace, stability   ● Louis XVI  ○ “A reform to revolution and a reaction”   ■ bankruptcy of the french crown [1789], king ran out of money, 50% had to pay for  debt, 50% had to pay for everything else that went into the early modern state,  most expensive thing was war because they were constantly at war.   ■ caused taxation  ● Three Estates   ○ purpose of taxation was divided into 3 estates   ■ Clergy/Church ­ people who pray for the king   ■ Nobles ­ people who fight for the king  ■ Commoners ­ people who work for the king   ○ since the king already taxed commoners half their income they began the first two estates ­  opposed to this   ○ absolute monarchy falls in france   ■ king must ask consent of the 1st two estates   ● Estates General   ○ Versailles   ○ to figure out what type of gov’t they should have they go to the estates general, first time in  150 years   ○ 3rd estate refused to meet as 3 separate estates, unfair   ○ individual votes, refused to conduct business until the king ordered until they they are able  to vote as a single body ­ 3 week wait   ● Tennis Court Oath   ○ 3rd estate didn’t show up to the estates general, but met on a tennis court by versailles  ● Bastille   ○ attack the bastille, symbol of monarchy, an imposing fortress prison  ○ prepared to become violent  ○ found cannons, muskets  ○ cut the mayor of france's head off and marched around france with it  ○ saved the national assembly ­ king allowed national assembly through because terrified if  they didn't let them through  ○ bastille day in france = july 14th   ● Declaration of the Rights of Man   ○ all men are born free and equal to rights (Ideology of french revolution)   ● National assembly  ○ delegates of the 3rd estate swore an oath to write a new constitution for france, spoke for  the people of france  ○ peasants didn't care about votes, mad at national assembly   ■ wanted them to do something about starvation  ■ went to Marie Antoinette (in the National Assembly) and kidnapped her and took  her for imprisonment in paris: “let them eat bread”  ● Legislative Assembly   ○ called for election of new assembly (democratic vote)   ● National Convention  ○ radicalization of the revolution, 2nd revolution written in France   ○ king has completely fallen (Louis XVI)   ■ accused of betraying people of France  ■ convicted of high treason   ■ sentenced to death/ beheaded as a symbol that the king is human and easily killed   ○ declared war against all other european monarchies   ○ killing of the king declared a depth in the revolution   ○ revolution collapse, ran out of steam   ● Robespierre  ○ robespierre saves revolution  ○ stages an interaction with in the national coup détate → interaction against state gov’t   ■ stabilize and fix the price of bread / public safety  ■ committee of public safety ­ admin. the day to day gov’t of france   ■ most crucial time of revolution   ■ army draft against other european monarchies   ● Reign of Terror  ○ impose a reign of terror to intimidate the population into obedience  ○ enemy nations are subjected to crimes   ○ 40,000  men/women executed died in prison   ● Reaction   ● Ideals   ○ Nationalism Equality  ○ Liberalism   ○ Democracy  ○ Feminism   ● Docs  ○ What is the 3rd Estate?  ○ Declaration of Rights of Monarchy   ○ Declaration of Rights of Women      


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