The French Revolution
The French Revolution hist 1031
Popular in World Civilizations Since 1500
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Naida Adams on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to hist 1031 at East Carolina University taught by Michael B Gross in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations Since 1500 in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
The French Revolution 21616 French Revolution is still alive and inspiring people around the world ● 4 Phases: ○ reform: (initiated the revolution) not violent ○ revolution: violence begins ○ radicalization: (second revolution) more violent ○ reaction: (return to reform phase) peace, stability ● Louis XVI ○ “A reform to revolution and a reaction” ■ bankruptcy of the french crown , king ran out of money, 50% had to pay for debt, 50% had to pay for everything else that went into the early modern state, most expensive thing was war because they were constantly at war. ■ caused taxation ● Three Estates ○ purpose of taxation was divided into 3 estates ■ Clergy/Church people who pray for the king ■ Nobles people who fight for the king ■ Commoners people who work for the king ○ since the king already taxed commoners half their income they began the first two estates opposed to this ○ absolute monarchy falls in france ■ king must ask consent of the 1st two estates ● Estates General ○ Versailles ○ to figure out what type of gov’t they should have they go to the estates general, first time in 150 years ○ 3rd estate refused to meet as 3 separate estates, unfair ○ individual votes, refused to conduct business until the king ordered until they they are able to vote as a single body 3 week wait ● Tennis Court Oath ○ 3rd estate didn’t show up to the estates general, but met on a tennis court by versailles ● Bastille ○ attack the bastille, symbol of monarchy, an imposing fortress prison ○ prepared to become violent ○ found cannons, muskets ○ cut the mayor of france's head off and marched around france with it ○ saved the national assembly king allowed national assembly through because terrified if they didn't let them through ○ bastille day in france = july 14th ● Declaration of the Rights of Man ○ all men are born free and equal to rights (Ideology of french revolution) ● National assembly ○ delegates of the 3rd estate swore an oath to write a new constitution for france, spoke for the people of france ○ peasants didn't care about votes, mad at national assembly ■ wanted them to do something about starvation ■ went to Marie Antoinette (in the National Assembly) and kidnapped her and took her for imprisonment in paris: “let them eat bread” ● Legislative Assembly ○ called for election of new assembly (democratic vote) ● National Convention ○ radicalization of the revolution, 2nd revolution written in France ○ king has completely fallen (Louis XVI) ■ accused of betraying people of France ■ convicted of high treason ■ sentenced to death/ beheaded as a symbol that the king is human and easily killed ○ declared war against all other european monarchies ○ killing of the king declared a depth in the revolution ○ revolution collapse, ran out of steam ● Robespierre ○ robespierre saves revolution ○ stages an interaction with in the national coup détate → interaction against state gov’t ■ stabilize and fix the price of bread / public safety ■ committee of public safety admin. the day to day gov’t of france ■ most crucial time of revolution ■ army draft against other european monarchies ● Reign of Terror ○ impose a reign of terror to intimidate the population into obedience ○ enemy nations are subjected to crimes ○ 40,000 men/women executed died in prison ● Reaction ● Ideals ○ Nationalism Equality ○ Liberalism ○ Democracy ○ Feminism ● Docs ○ What is the 3rd Estate? ○ Declaration of Rights of Monarchy ○ Declaration of Rights of Women
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