Medieval Art History, Week 2
Medieval Art History, Week 2 ART 483, Art History
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Mason on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 483, Art History at Fort Hays State University taught by Erica Bittel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Medieval Art History in Art at Fort Hays State University.
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I'm really struggling in class and this study guide was freaking crucial. Really needed help, and Kathryn delivered. Shoutout Kathryn, I won't forget!
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Jan. 25 , 2016 Medieval Art – Chapter 1: Introduction to Medieval Art Textbook Pages 112, continued… Christianity became a major religion within the Roman Empire, and as a result, it needed an organized governing structure and a coherent philosophy o The Church adopted the Roman imperial model – provincial government overseen by centralized rule o And in an effort to appeal to the educated classes, Christians turned to Greek philosophy St. Augustine St. Gregory of Alazianzus The “Universal Soul” Arch of Titus, ca. 81 CE, concrete and white marble, Rome, Italy o Titus’ brother commissioned it Spoils from the Temple in Jerusalem, relief in the passageway of the Arch of Titus, ca. 81 CE, marble o Spoils from Jerusalem brought to Rome Menorah (lamp stand) Hadrian/Constantine Hunting Boar and Sacrificing to Apollo Constantine Addressing the Roman People in the Roman Forum from the Arch of Constantine, ca. 130138 CE, marble, Rome, Italy Tondi – circular compositions Arch of Constantine, 312315 CE, Rome, Italy Classical vs. Medieval Art Greek artists observed nature and then attempted to create idealized representations Roman artists worked in a more realistic or naturalistic style Medieval Art is characterized by a sense of expressionism and abstraction that is not necessarily related to visual appearances Christianity in the Roman Empire Emperor Septimus Severus was the first to officially acknowledge Christianity o Christians allowed to practice, but not convert others Under Gallienus, Christianity became a “permitted religion” Diocletian required citizens to make sacrifices only to Jupiter, the Roman gods, and the deified emperors o Monotheistic (one God) Christians and Jews were imprisoned and often executed as martyrs for their faith Emperor Diocletian completely reorganized the governing structure of the vast Roman Empire o Devised a form of government called a tetrarchy, or “rule of four” o Required that each “Augustus,” one from the East, and one from the West, designate a subordinate and heir, both holding the title of “Caesar” o Eventually, Constantine (a “Caesar” in the tetrarchy) gained control of both the Western and Eastern part of the empire Roman Empire West East Augustus Maximian Caesar Augustus Diocletian Caesar Constantine the Great from the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, 325326 CE, marble, Rome, Italy (40 ft tall)
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