American History I, Exam 2
American History I, Exam 2 HY 201
Jacksonville State University
Popular in American History 1
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Devon Potter on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 201 at Jacksonville State University taught by Mrs.Hudson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see American History 1 in History at Jacksonville State University.
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If Devon isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Halfway Covenant allowed people to be baptized through their parents; the Puritan church’s attempt to hold onto their power in the colonies The Great Awakening religious revival ● moved through Europe and the colonies ● Puritans hoped: 1. it would bring new membership to the church 2. it would get people to rededicate themselves to their Christian beliefs Reverend George Whitfield: ● known as the “Grand Itinerant” ● his religious tour was also called an “itinerant” ● one of his best assets was his voice ● was greatly admired by Benjamin Franklin Reverend Jonathan Edwards: ● from Massachusetts ● learned preacher ● taught at Harvard ● experienced a very strong conversion ● he started preaching sermons about the sinfulness of humanity ● his most famous sermon was called “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Two religious factions formed from the Great Awakening: 1. Old Lights Whitfield, Edwards, and Puritans were all Old Lights their sermons were unemotional and logical they believed you needed to be educated to teach God’s word 2. New Lights they believed you didn’t need to be educated to preach and that you just needed to have God inside you did not like the Old Lights their sermons were emotional and illogical Emotional sermons appealed to poor whites and African slaves in the South and Chesapeake; were preached to that “life may be hard now, but it will get better” William Tennent: ● educated New Light preacher ● Presbyterian ● believed that New Light preachers did need to be educated to teach God’s word ● opened schools called “log colleges” in the backcountry to teach New Light preachers Native Americans were also affected by the Great Awakening some converted to Christianity they wanted to give up bad habits learned from the Europeans ● Even though women still had very little power, they made up a majority of the church population ● When people left the Puritan church, they often started their own churches ● The development of the New Light and Old Light factions affected political elections THE GREAT AWAKENING WAS A FAILURE FOR THE PURITAN CHURCH it did not help the church gain new membership people started their own churches However, there was unexpected success from the Great Awakening. Some of today’s best colleges for higher learning began: Rutger Brown Harvard Yale Columbia Infanticide when you kill your children (mostly associated with women) Witchcraft: ● considered a crime ● was a tool of Satan ● anyone who believed in or practiced witchcraft was “Satan’s helper” ● it started in Europe and came across to the colonies ● although it was worse in some colonies, it existed in all 13 colonies Salem Witch Trials: ● took place in Salem, Massachusetts ● several young girls were seized by odd behavior crawled on their hands and feet for no reason screamed for no reason had random fits strange, involuntary sounds came out of their throats ● their parents took them to the doctor and they were diagnosed as bewitched ● all the people in town wanted to get a look at the bewitched girls ● the girls had learned from an African slave named Tituba ● Tituba had practiced voodoo in Africa ● the girls started accusing other people in the town of being witches most of the accused were women the accused women did not have any men in their lives Tituba was accused but talked her way out of it a few men were accused ● the people of the town became hysterical ● the girls started accusing wealthy people in town ● England received word of the accusations and sent an investigator to the colonies but did not find any evidence of witchcraft ● the colonists used Exodus 22:18 to justify the execution of the accused witches ● as time passed, the girls admitted they had lied about everything
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