International Studies 14 Notes
International Studies 14 Notes International Studies 14
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Daniel on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to International Studies 14 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Heidi hardt in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 113 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in International Studies at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Water can be considered a property right that belongs to one person, a human right, a public good, where one’s use of water does not detract from another’s use of it, and a private good that can be bought, sold, or stolen Difference between Human and Traditional Security Traditional Security: Cold War: National Security menat military security. Dominance It’s about the safety of the state. Dominant Realist perspective Contemporary Security 1980’sSocietal Security TodayIt's about peopleHuman Rights the right of all people, not just certain people, to live in freedom and dignity free from poverty and despair Cuban Missile Crisis Discussion Questions 1. What were President JFK’s options and what were their constraints? He could have submitted to the terms of Russia and left the missiles in Cuba. He could have invaded both Russia and Cuba. Air striking Cuba. Negotiating. They didn't negotiate because of the political pressure coming from citizens and people in JFK’s cabin. This is a constraint. Krushef also faced this political pressure. 2. What were Chairman Khrushchev’s options and what were their constraints? He had options similar to JFK. A Lot of his constrains were domestic 3. How did individuals matter for the outcome? 4. How did states matter for the outcome? The US promised to secretly remove its missiles from Cuba. Because of this, Soviets agreed to remove weapons from Cuba. There’s a strategic reason why Cuba was used. They wanted to be close to US. Realists on Security Peace is Temporary. Security dilemma. Can't trust states. There’s a constant fear that states will cheat on this nuclear nonproliferation agreement. Realist are pessimists about this international agreement Liberal Institutionalists on Security If the UN had played a bigger role, if the US and Russia had relied on this institution, there probably wouldn't have been a crisis Constructivists on Security Shared knowledge or norms would have avoided this problem. The shared nor of non proliferation and the shared norm of not going to war. Set of ideas of capitalism vs set of ideas of communism Feminist Security Studies States are a source of security and insecurity. Women are affected as much or more than men in war. Masculinization of terminology on security and war. Diplomacy is not associated strength. Diplomacy is associated with weakness soft power. we create a problem and we incentivise this security dilemma. What are Human Rights 1. Right to life International politics that violates this is human trafficking, death penalty, genocide, killing of POWs 2. Freedom 3. Possession of Property 4. Freedom of Speech freedom of speech is restricted in North Korea and Thailand States are protect the human rights of its citizens, even though states violate these human rights Human Security Freedom from fear fear of violence, wrongful imprisonment, rape, persecution for your political and religious beliefs Freedom from want lacking your basic needs such as food, shelter, health care, water How gender matters for Human Security Violence against women and girls Women are targeted because they are seen as social and cultural symbols Gender inequalities in control over resources Gender inequalities in power and decision making Women’s human rights Women (and men) as actors, not victims