Anth 101, Week 3 Notes
Anth 101, Week 3 Notes ANTH 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breionna Real on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 101 at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Kellen Gilbert in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Southeastern Louisiana University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Cultural Anthropology SELU ANTH 101 Week Three Lecture Notes Two Perspectives The insider’s perspective is emic The outsider’s perspective is etic Subcultures Particulars of culture are traits that make a culture unique and separate from others Generalities of culture are shared traits between cultures, such as the fact that we all share some form of clothing NonHuman Primates An early depiction of a gorilla (Gargantua) led people to believe that gorillas were violent, savage primates. Gorillas are actually the mellowest of the great apes. Several years ago, a young boy fell into a gorilla enclosure. A female of that group heard his cries and came to his aid, keeping others away until help could arrive. In order for anthropologists to study primates, they must first become habituated to that human’s presence. Mammalian Characteristics Hair/fur Warmblooded Live birth Mammary glands Generalized dentition (not all teeth are the same) In general, more complex brains Mammalian play (esp. in juveniles) Primate Characteristics Limbs/locomotion; 5 fingers and toes with nails, tactile pads, ability to grasp (prehensile), precision, power grip, flexible shoulder structure Vision/brain; binocular vision allows for depth perception, boney orbit, larger brains Dentition/diet; four types of teeth (incisors, canines, pre molars, molars), varied diet (omnivores) Learned behavior; motherinfant bond emphasized, live in groups, social network, grooming is common Living Primates Primates are restricted to the topics where there is high quality food available year around. There are 185 living species known. The medium and large are at the top of the ecosystem and food chain. There are four types of living primates. Prosimians More primitive (think lemurs) Limited to Madagascar Arboreal (live in trees) and Terrestrial (live on land) Example – bush babies (nocturnal), Tarsius, Aye Aye New World Monkeys Located in the Americas Arboreal Long tails Have ‘C’ curvature of the spine Example – squirrel monkeys Howler Monkeys live in harems, folivorous Woolly Monkey, largest in class Old World Monkeys Located in Africa and Asia Terrestrial Have ‘S’ curvature of the spine Show sexual dimorphism Example – Snow Monkeys/Macaques Apes A. Lesser Apes Arboreal Frugivorous Brachiation Gibbion – the only monogamous primate B. Great Apes (four species) 1. Orangutan From Southeast Asia Arboreal Frugivorous Least social of the great apes 2. Gorilla From Africa Vegetarians Live in harems To be continued in week four’s notes
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