Education210: Phonological awareness
Education210: Phonological awareness EDUC210
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IENG 4023 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erika Marini on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC210 at University of Delaware taught by Professor Adrian Pasquarella in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see BEGINNING LITERACY INSTRUCTION in Education and Teacher Studies at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 02/24/16
Phonological Awareness Development in PK & K 02/24/2016 ▯ Why do we talk about development? If you know how a skill or strategy develops, you know the order in which to teach it If you know how to assess the level of student development, you know where to start with that student If you know the benchmarks for development, you know whether a student has adequate development for his or her age ▯ Literacy skills emerge in the first years of school We know a lot about the sequence of skills development in reading an in spelling (or writing) Pretend reading pretend writing conventional reading and writing ▯ But there are competencies to develop Phonemic awareness+ Alphabet knowledge= SPELLING Phonemic awareness is the lowest level Concept of word + Alphabet knowledge= READING ▯ What is phonological awareness The ability to detect, manipulate, and use the sound structure of spoken language independent of meaning. Not the use of letter sounds to read words. ORAL ONLY. ▯ Letters vs. Phonemes They are different! A letter is visual; a phoneme is auditory. ▯ How does phonological awareness develop Word awareness syllable awareness onset-rime awareness phoneme awareness PA develops from larger to smaller units ▯ Onset-rime: Refers to “within a syllable” parts of a syllable Rime is the vowel and everything that proceeds it IN THAT SYLLABLE Onset are the initial consonants before the vowel ▯ Blending and Segmenting re most essential phonological skills Blending o If you can blend sounds and your letter sounds, you can read o READING o If they can look at a word and know what each letter sounds like, they can blend those sounds together Segmenting o If you can segment sounds, and you know your letter sounds, you can spell o SPELLING ▯ Tricky sounds VOWEL + R= ONE SOUND (ex: park) /P/ar/k/ QU as in queen is counted as two X makes 2 sounds: socks is the same as sox Ng at the end of a syllable makes one sound ▯ Splash= /s/p/l/a/sh/ ▯ Clean= /c/l/e (ea)/n/ ▯ Skirting= /s/k/ir/t/i/ng/ ▯ ▯ ▯
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