Tues Feb 9
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kassidy Garcia on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2010 at University of South Florida taught by Edward Vickers in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see American History 1 in History at University of South Florida.
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Date Created: 02/24/16
War, God, and Slavery / The Narratives of King Philip's War and Bacon's Rebellion Indians ● no sense of Indian identity, identified by “ethnic” groups ● indians have no sense of private property, so they get shot when they “trespass” ● early encounters are the Wampanoag ● Pequots (163637) ○ Puritans single out this group because they want this land ■ they pequots have no right to refuse because it is Gds mission ○ group accused of killing merchant, Puritans demand captives ○ this does not work, so two opposing tribes are recruited to help Puritans fight ○ 1636 go to war with the Pequots ■ surround village of 400, led by the other tribe ■ total destruction, no one left alive ■ the other tribes are horrified by how much violence there was (they wanted captives, not killed) ○ in 1637 the Pequot nation is declared wiped out ● this war leads to criticism from home in England ○ this information gets back to the papers in the mother countries ○ asking if there is any effort to convert before killing; horrified by destruction ○ 1640s puritans finally make an effort to convert after criticism ■ create “praying towns” in MA (1800’s indians total across 14) ● Indians get involved with these towns bc they might believe their gods are failing, especially if you're in a very small populated group ● offers protection and a longer life ● if an indian chooses to leave the praying town after time, they are trapped in an inbetween ● when things turned bad between the two groups, the English turn to destructing the praying town Indians Northeast→ King Philip's War (167576) ● ^^what the English call it, but what do the Indian’s call it? ○ who writes the history….that’s the point ● Metacom is a leader ● the english Gd is failing because they are allowing Indians to win (harass Roger Williams of RI about this) ● Indians use guerilla tactics ○ Mohawk’s help English track them ● Metacom is killed and his head is displayed in Plymouth ● This war makes the English the clear power in this region, NE english are more powerful than the Indian and there is no fear ○ treat the Indian’s the same in all regions (minus exception...he will explain) ● Metacom’s 9 year old son is still left ○ him and his mother is sold into Caribbean slavery Virginia → Bacon's Rebellion (167576) ● centered around tobacco and indentured servitude ● planters (big operations) vs. small farmers (used to be indentured servants) ● William Burkley (VA governor from 1660’s70s) ○ 1665 → he banishes new elections to council of VA ○ handpicks his favorite aristocrats and they all impose taxes to bring in more money ■ everyone is being taxed exactly the same ○ makes about $1000lbs a year & an indentured slave will work 7 years just to make 1lbs ● small farmers start to settle West to avoid these taxes ○ farmers run into indian conflict and ask from help from Burkley ○ Burkley declines to send troops, tells them to leave Indians alone bc of trade and wants them back so he can make more money ● Bacon then shows up to VA and wants profits from deerskin trade with Indians (he is an aristocrat) ○ because Burkley does not want to share, Bacon helps wipe out Indians ○ does this because he does not want to help, but because he wants to take over Burkley ○ with all this, Burkley puts out a warrant for BAcon’s arrest ■ issue is, he now has a small army of white farmers to support him ○ 1676 → Bacon’s army burns down Jamestown to prove their didians ○ Bacon dies a few weeks later, and Burkley takes his revenge by killing people ○ the planters were scared in Bacon’s rebellions ■ they see that small farmers can be a threat ■ need to do something about them, so their solution is to stop indentured servitude ○ When small farmers ask for help on the frontier, the government best be helping Move to slave labor ● after 1650, slaves become a better investment ○ people start to live longer ○ they have no contract, so they are owned for their entire life ● racialized social order ● bc of the potential of slave uprising, planters hire small farmers to patrol the land to make sure no slaves are conspiring
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