Wednesday Feb 24th's notes
Wednesday Feb 24th's notes bio 254
Popular in Biology in the Social Context
Popular in Biology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabi Reed on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to bio 254 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Rogers in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Biology in the Social Context in Biology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/24/16
Birth defects Review: 20% Hereditary Facotrs 80% Environmental Factors (Potentially avoided) 50% of pregnancies are unplanned in the US meaning the woman could be doing things to hurt the baby before she knows she’s pregnant Nutrition A mother should gain 20-30 pounds during pregnancy Vitamin D (infants) Vitamin D urged for breast-fed infants, avoid Rickets, which are soft bones A developing embryo/fetus is most vulnerable during the first three months If the baby makes it through the first two weeks, most actions done in the first two weeks will not harm the baby. But some actions will cause the baby to abort before the two weeks is over, cause the woman to not even know if she is pregnant or not Drugs Antibiotics Strptomycin, causes deafness Tatracycline, weak and discolored teeth Bactrim and Septra, interferes with how the body uses folic acid Thalidomide Stunts the growth of limbs (arms and legs) Experimental cancer drug Accutane For skin conditions (acne) Causes severe birth defects, thymus glands not to grow, mental retardation Pregnancy tests are required before using the drug, and during taking the drug Cocaine “Crack baby” Premature, small, not proportional Bad behavior, can’t control it Don’t want to be held Can have a stroke in the utero (restricted blood flow to the brain) causing irreversible brain damage Placental Abruption Can affect the mom as well as the baby The baby can die in severe cases Mom has to get to a hospital quickly, or will bleed out Caffeine Increases the chance of a miscarriage 350 milligrams (3 cups of coffee/each day of pregnancy)/ 7 cans of Coke/Diet Coke/ 10 cups of tea/ 58 chocolate bars