Note for POLS 110 with Professor Johnson at KU
Note for POLS 110 with Professor Johnson at KU
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Fall 2010 These are the stubs for the nal exam They are still being reviewed for correctness but they are mostly representative of what the exam will include PJ 20101207 In a closed primary only registered party members can vote The illegality of medical marijuana at the national level regardless of decriminalization efforts at the state level represents what constitutional principle Supremacy Clause National law always trumps state law In the case of McCulloch v Maryland the Supreme Court held that the law that created the National Bank The elastic clause necessary amp proper Decision of 1819 in which the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional the state s power to tax a federal government entity Maryland argued that Congress had no authority to establish a national bank because a bank was not necessary for Congress to carry out its delegatedd powers to borrow and hold money it was only a convenient way ofdoing so Following the Supreme Court39s decision in Plessy v Ferguson we observed Separate but Equal approved by the Supreme Court A major result ofthe Voting Rights Act of 1965 was end of grandfather clause white primaries and literacy tests PreClearance new voting laws must be approved by the federal government Gerrymandering is redistricting boundaries to favor one party or class A conference committee has the authority to change a bill so both houses agree upon it Senators are directly elected because Their was a change to the constitution 17th amendment What is separation of powers A system of government in which different institutions exercise different components of governmental power For which of the following institutions did the Constitution framers allow the voters to express their choices of office holders directly We can vote for Senate President and Lower Court judges Standing Committees are important because Gatekeeping power 90 of bills die in comittee Discharge is rare Markup process is pointbypoint review of bill Oversight of executive agencies When the Supreme Court applies the Bill of Rights to the states to forbid a state government from violating one of your rights this is called Selective Incorporation Uses the 14th Amendment to do so quotFiscal policyquot concerns Government spendingtax decisions which determines the level of deficit debt or surplus extra money The principle ofquotJudicial Reviewquot is found in what article of the Constitution Judicial Review is NOT found in the constitution The ruling from Marbury v Madisonquot that the courts have the power to overturn unconstitutional laws set by the Congress and state legislatures The Constitution makes what requirement for individuals who want to be President of the US Must be at least 35 years old a native born citizen and must live in the US for 14 years For which branch of the national government are its powers spelled out with the greatest amount of detail in the Constitution Article 1 of the Constitution An enumerated power is a power given to the federal government by the Constitution The 10th amendment reserved some powers forthe states Those reserved powers included Maintain state militias regulate commerce in the state establish and operate state court systems collect taxes borrow money exercise power not granted to the national government An organization that calls its members and urges them to contact elected of cials is engaging in Grassroots lobbying Which of the following is the most frequently used method of amending the Constitution Through congress is where most constitutional amendments start Political Action Committees are Specialized organization for raising and spending campaign funds often affiliated with an interest group or association The problem that arises when people who share an interest group39s goals but do not join or contribute to the group is known as Free Riding Amicus curiae is the Latin term that we use to refer to Friend of the courtsquot Which organization has the power to confirm or reject presidential appointments to the Supreme Court The senate votes on Presidential Appointments Thousands of bills are proposed every year Most never become law because it s dif cult to get bills through the entire process When the President vetoes a bill Congress can override the veto with 23rd majority vote from both houses of congress House of Representatives and Senate ln Marbury v Madison the Supreme Court established that new laws will override older laws on the same subject except if the older law was issued by a higher branch of government The Supreme Court is reluctant to change its interpretation of the Constitution or previous rulings This reluctance is known as the principle of Stare Discisisquot If all of the members ofthe Supreme Court are voting how many votes does the winning side need 23rd majority vote In the 1964 Civil Rights Act Congress imposed restrictions on private businesses and hotels Congressional leaders claimed that Congress had Constitutional power to do that because The commerce clause In 1883 the United States Supreme Court declared the Civil Rights Act of1875 to be unconstitutional on the basis that Only state actionquot not private business could be regulated underthe 14th amendment The right to vote is often referred to as Suffrage The Median Voter Theorem leads us to expect that 2 candidates for office will lfthere is a very liberal and conservative candidate they will move to the center to catch the audience Move to the middle for ideals to get the median voter vote The votingage population in the United States 18 years old A law drafted by elected officials but put to a popular vote is known as an At the Constitutional Convention James Madison39s proposal the Virginia Planquot Proportional representation Representation in congress based on population The Constitution gives the power to declare war to the Congress Groups of knowledgeable people who care about specific topics and monitor political affairs are called Issue Public lfthe President is to be removed from office the following impeachment process must be used the house impeaches by majority vote and then the senate convicts with 23s vot The quotwhite primaryquot was employed in many Southern states in order to keep blacks from voting in elections The Constitution ofthe United States allowed slavery but it also stipulated that The slave trade stopped in 1808 35 compromise During the Constitutional Convention the Great Compromisequot The connecticut compromise When two or more governments exercise authority over the same people it is known as Federalism A large majority of the money donated by PACs go to TV and Radio Ads Federal regulations that impose regulatory costs on state and local governments without supplying appropriate federal monies are called Unfunded mandate How are chairs of House committees selected Seniority but voted based in their caucasus caucasus party conference in the house the committee chairs are always members ofthe house party before the election the democrats had the power all the committee chairs were democrats Which ofthe following statements best describes the principle of separation of powersChecks and Balances basically the same as checks and balances Followers of classical liberalism believe that 1 Individuals have basic rights that government may not violate 2 Equality under law 3 Government should be limited to protect individuals 4 Government exists to serve needs of individuals Duverger39s law states that single member district systems tend to have 2 parties Distributive tendencies of Congress often cause it to The distributive theory of committees so they can give money to their district ties into log rollingquot Which federal agency has the responsibility to regulate the economy by adjusting interest rates and monetary policy FRB Federal Reserve Getting the Senate to approve a treaty has often proved difficult for Presidents In an attempt to avoid this difficulty Presidents often sign these instead The Bill of Rights explicitly imposed limits The right of people ofall races to vote When a principal hires an agent to do a specialized job there can be slippage because Which is a tool that members of Congress may not use to cultivate support from their constituents The version of legislation emerging from a conference committee Compromise Version Compared to the US a parliamentary system that uses proportional representation is more likely to have More than two parties multiple parties since it isn t bound by Duverger s law The Supreme Court39s original jurisdiction is conferred by Executive orders The presidents formal enumerated powers include 1 Commander in Chief 2 Power of Veto 3 Appointments to Cabinets and Judges The president39s formal enumerated powers INCLUDE 1 Limited Veto Power Can stop any law unless Congress overrides 23 both houses 2 Commander in Chief 3 Appointments exec of cials and Sup Ct justices advice and consent of Senate The House Rules Committee may determine all of these except lt determines what kind ofamendments length of debate how long a bill be be debated on It applies rules to how the bill will be debated in the house 3 types of rules A closed rule which has no amendments An open rule has amendments A restricted rule which speci es what kind of rules apply Main thing it does is structures debates What Supreme Court decision declared that the Bill of Rights did not apply to the states Barron v BaliMore In Texas v Johnson the Supreme Court determined that Flag Burning was a Constitutionally protected form of speech and expression Jim Crow laws were State laws passed in the South to segregate races from each other The largest single expense of most presidential campaigns is Advertisement Which part of the US Constitution states quotthe right to privacy shall not be violated by an official ofany government entityquot It is not implicitly The Civil Rights Act of 1964 End of discrimination and segregation What is affirmative action Programs to give more opportunities to race or gender discriminated groups The US Supreme Court39s decision in Plessy v Ferguson in 1896 declared Seperate but Equal as constitutional Examples of free market failures include the following Monopolies In ation and Externalities A reduction in economic output for two quarters is referred to as a When we discuss monetary policyquot we are referring to policies that affect the money supply by changing Dictating interest rates and the money supply are two fascist of monetary policy When the percentage of income paid as federal tax increases as income increases it is called a Regulatory policies Which cultural value rests on the notion that people should be able to advance with talent and hard work Equality of opportunity Opinions about policy are influenced by When support for a candidate grows after polls indicate that she has already taken the lead we say that Momentum has occurred Segregation that is not intended by a law or policy but is the result of individual behavior is called In 2001 the process reduced the Kansas delegation in the House of Representatives from 5 to 4 The rst stage in the policy making process is Agenda setting making an issue so visible policy makers take it seriously The Social Security payroll tax is regressive because Social security is capped so that any amount you make over the amount is not subject to social security tax Regressive tax refers to the lower income tax taxed more Income tax is PROGRESSIVE the more you make the more your taxed lfa Supreme Court Justice disagrees with the court39s ruling heshe may write a When Supreme Court rules that a state or federal law is unconstitutional it is exercising the power of Since 1950 rulings by the Supreme Court have When the government39s spending exceeds it revenues an is occurring Comparing Social Security and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families TANF which ofthe following statements is correct TANF state regulated welfare Social Security federal government The police broke into Dollree Mapp39s house and found some nude photos and she was prosecuted for possession of pornography In the famous case of Mapp v Ohio the Supreme Court said those pictures could not be used against her in court because When you retire the Social Security system may not be able to pay the benefits you expect What changes are contributing to the problem Americans are living longer less money coming in baby boomers social security trust fund doesn39t exist anymore Social policy that tries to equalize access to health care or wealth is known as policy The First Reconstructionquot ended With the election of Hayes pulling the troops out of the south City regulation of Sun ower Broadband the only cable TV provider in the area might be justified on the grounds that Sunflower is Natural Monopoly A person who displays a consistent pattern or system of attitudes Ideological Suppose the government promises to pay a farmer 5 per bushel of wheat even ifthe market price is 3 That payment would be called a Subsidy In the politics of economic regulation the term externality refers to Any consequence of an activity that has an impact on those not responsible for the action pg 538 The Medicare program ch 18 Program that provides social security recipients a broad range of medical bene ts Medicare Old people Medicaid Poor people Which ofthe following is an example of electoral participation Voting Running for Office Donating Money Campaigning Calling or writing your local senator The motion to end debate in the Senate is referred to as Closure 60 votes Which term refers to a significant and lasting national shift in political party support What can explain political parties loss of power over the last century 1 End of Spoil System Civil service for government positions 2 Secret Ballot 3 PrimariesCaucuses Which of the following is ARE components of a sub government 1 A congressanal committee provided an executive agency with program authorization and budgetary support 2 The executive agency produced outcomes favored by an interestgroup constituency 3 The interest groups An electoral system in which the country is divided into geographic districts and the candidates who win the most votes within their districts are elected is known as Single Member Simple Plurality SMSP Duverger s Law How much quottop to bottomquot consistency is there in political attitudes in America Top to bottom refers to the general public against elite leaders The elites are more ideological then the public As a whole the american public is not very ideological The constitution as written requires elections for House of Representatives