New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

POLI 370, Week 7

by: runnergal

POLI 370, Week 7 POLI 370 001


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover what was discussed in class during the week of 2/22/16.
Introduction to Public Administration
Dr. Xuhong Su
Class Notes
political science, Government
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Public Administration

Popular in Political Science

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by runnergal on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 370 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Xuhong Su in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Public Administration in Political Science at University of South Carolina.


Reviews for POLI 370, Week 7


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/24/16
POLI 370 – Lecture11  Structural Elements o Departmentalization  Departments are set up based on functions. For instance, the Department  of Education serves to promote education.  Departments also are set up based on functions, like customers (i.e. big or  small corporations), location, and processes (i.e. fire claims within  Veterans’ Affairs) o Organizational Design Principles  Span of control, which is x^n. x is the number of operatives (people) and n is the number of levels in that department.  Hierarchy  Authority  Power  Responsibility  Functional Design o Specialization increases efficiency to a certain point. o There is conflict, however, between function­based departments. On issues like  terrorism and environmental protection, there is lots of overlap, which then causes unavoidable problems.     Problems with Function­Based Departments o Fragmented structure o Duplicated structure o Mismatch between structure and mission. For example, the government serves the people, but it is very hard for the people to quickly and easily contact the  government.  Solutions to Aforementioned Problems o Coordination: integrate the operations of different agencies. o Can change the structure by creating new programs or combining current  programs. o Horizontal coordination: draws related agencies together for a common purpose.  Interagency agreements: fosters negotiations between concerned  agencies to establish certain boundaries about which agency will perform  which tasks.  Interlocal service agreements: agencies sign contracts with  neighboring jurisdictions to provide public services. These  agreements are beneficial because: o Economy scale benefits: there is no need to create new  infrastructure to serve the needs of a municipality, town,  etc. o Limited market for public service: a public service needs  to reach a certain amount of people to be effective;  combining markets helps achieve that goal. o Protect social values and improve accountability and  efficiency.  Interagency committees: cabinet, subcabinet, and bureau levels exist to  promote collaboration between jointly occupied areas. For example, the  Federal Interagency Committee on Education promotes education.  Lead agency formula: one agency is designated to coordinate and lead all agencies’ activities in a certain area. For example, the mentally ill office in Arizona coordinates people’s social security, transportation, medical  treatment, etc.  Clearance procedure: requires that an agency’s proposed decision are  reviewed by other interested agencies. For example, the Department of the Interior’s budget must be reviewed by the OMB. o Vertical Interagency Coordination  Two agencies are forced to collaborate by a superior. For example, the  Department of Homeland Security requires the CIA, the FBI, and other  agencies to report to it.  A person with formal authority imposes a decision and monitors agencies’ compliance with it.  This solution forces communication between agencies.  Reorganization o Reorganize the executive branch through acts of Congress. o Some bureaus are altered. o Most presidents have tried reorganization to solve duplicate or mismatch  problems. o Too much reorganization, however, does not let employees get used to the  system. As a result, a president’s reorganization plan must be approved by both  houses on Congress within 90 days of submission in order to occur. This rule has  been in place since 1983.  Before 1983, presidents’ reorganization plans went into effect within 60  days of submission if there was no objection from Congress.  Obstacles to Reorganization o Few reorganization ideas actually foster action. o Departments and bureaus want to protect their current structures. o Iron triangle, and especially departments, may resist reorganization efforts if it  feels threatened.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.