Week 2 notes
Week 2 notes HLTH 637
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adedoyin Junaid on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HLTH 637 at Towson University taught by Dr Wayne Nelson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Leadership Skills in the Health Care Setting in Nursing and Health Sciences at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/24/16
Adedoyin Junaid HLTH 637-Leadership Skills in the Health Care Setting Week 2- 02.10.16 **Group assignments given (group #1)** **Power Perception Profile administered** Activity: come up with one hero/ role model and list their virtues Example-Obama/first lady & Nelson Mandela Virtues: Courage, charismatic, risk takers, intelligence, firm, motivational, positive, sympathy, emotional intelligence, patience, open-minded, leadership In studies the most common virtues; Humility, courage, integrity, self- control, judgment, perseverance, compassion/empathy Notes: French and Raven- the thought of power go back to French & Raven- most important construct of power Power-brain storm synonyms; knowledge, control, authority, influence, leverage, possession, strength, money, alpha, clout, might, delegate Let’s assume that influence is the most neutral term and will be our common definition, moving forward with the lecture Leaders are change agents- you must have people and things and make change The four levels of change: (1) change in knowledge- easiest change (2) change in attitude (3) change in individual behavior- some behaviors are immensely hard to change (heritability, experience etc play in) (4)Group behavior French and Raven Model 1.Coercive power- based on fear (may have to resort to as a last resort—shouldn’t manage based on fear) Not desirable because it creates resentment and the desire to sabotage via revenge Very easily overused- the negative outcomes are so high that you want to avoid using this tactic at all cost 2. Reward Power- the ability to confer or withdraw rewards—in business industry close to legitimate power in work force: raises, bonus, promotion, personal rewards, time, praise 3. Legitimate power- position power (an official position) 4.Expert power- whether other people perceive you as an expert (this is highly valued in today’s work force) 4.Referent Power- makes people want to please you, or draws people to you (can be false-therefore subjective) ex: attractiveness **There is generally no best power- power is situational** Research suggest that expert power is innately more influential than legitimate power—this certainly depends on the position Later added to the model are: 4.Referent Power- makes people want to please you, or draws people to you (can be false-therefore subjective) ex: attractiveness 5.connection power- who you know 6.information power-it is not expert base or professional- what you know about an organization based on the culture, “you know the scoop”, can be called gossip power expert power is the easiest change by pursuing degrees etc referent power can also be seen as a likability factor and is immensely difficult to change Equity theory- all encompassing; everything you do is to bring you rewards Rewards = anything that you want; regardless of if it’s good or bad etc We seek to avoid pain/harm= a negative exchange, a loss of that which we seek Costs are associated with all social behavior We want profitable outcomes, therefore we’re happy when the input to our human relationships result in a positive outcome Equity “social exchange theory”- the fundamental basis is the interaction between 2 people Principle: Equity = reciprocity….fair exchange, you can expect to get what you put into it Principle: You are POWERLESS if you cannot harm your exchange partner Principle: The principle of least interest- the person who is least interested in the relationship is the most powerful There’s always a desire of balance/equity for most normal people Principle: mobility principle- people will leave if they have an option for something better ***THIS WILL BE ON THE TEST*** Principle: the mobility principle is preceded by the penultimate tactic- 2ndto last tactic—drop a hint, give an ultimatum and let them know you will leave if a change does not occur—if it does not work, you are not valued Negative exchange=harm-imposition of something that is disliked, withdrawal of something that is liked Formula: Power of a/b =Dependence of b/a Inversely reciprocal formula Ex: the POWER of the mother (a) over the infant(b) is equal to the Dependence of the infant on the mother CASE STUDIES: write a 4-page narrative double spaced, excluding the question and answer, write an average of 6 questions on your case Write a story—think of problems seen in the work place
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