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KIN 281 Ch. 4 Notes

by: C.W.

KIN 281 Ch. 4 Notes KIN281


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Kinesiology 281
Natalie Rascher
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by C.W. on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to KIN281 at University of Southern Indiana taught by Natalie Rascher in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Kinesiology 281 in Kinesiology at University of Southern Indiana.


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Date Created: 02/24/16
CH. 4: Preventing Violence & Injuries  Violence: intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or a group of people that results in injury, death, psychological harm or deprivation  U.S. Public Health separates into two categories: o Intentional injuries: committed with intent to harm such as assaults, suicides, self-inflected injuries o Unintentional injuries: committed without intent to harm such as motor vehicle accidents, fires, drowning’s Violence in the United States  Violence on U.S. Campuses o All have a safety plan and security for students and faculty o Gun violence isn’t the only one, relationship violence is one of the most prevalent violence problems on college campuses  Less than 25% of campus relation violence get reported due to reasons of privacy, fear of retaliation, shame, embarrassment, lack of support, uncertainty, and other factors like alcohol involved Factors Contributing to Violence  Several social, community, relationship, and individual factors o Poverty, unemployment, parental and peer influence, cultural beliefs, discrimination or oppression, religious beliefs/differences, political differences, breakdowns in the criminal justice system, and stress  What makes people prone to violence? o Anger: people have a low tolerance for frustration  Primary aggression: goal-directed hostile self- assertion that is destructive in nature  Reactive aggression: part of the emotional reaction brought about by frustrating life experiences o Substance abuse: alcohol and drugs  How much impact do the media have? o Media blamed for playing a major role in the increase of violence Intentional Injuries  3 major types: o Interpersonal violence: using physical force or power o Collective violence: committed by groups of individuals o Self-directed violence: doing to oneself  Homicide o Intent to kill o 15 leading cause of death in US overall nd o 2 leading cause of death between ages 15-24  Hate and bias-motivated crimes o Hate crime: committed against a person, property, or group of people that is motivated by the offender’s bias against a certain race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity o Bias-motivated crimes: violence based on prejudice and discrimination among ethnic groups in larger society  Prejudice: irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, group, or race  Discrimination: constitutes actions that deny equal treatment or opportunities to a group of people  Gang violence o Linked to alien smuggling, human trafficking, prostitution, drug trafficking, sex trafficking, shootings, thefts, beatings, carjacking’s, and killing of innocent victims  Terrorism o Unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government or civilian population  Domestic violence o Use of force to control and maintain power over another person  Intimate partner violence: physical, sexual, and/or psychological harm done by a current or former partner  Cycle consists of 3 main stages on why people stay: o Tension building, incident of acute battering, remorse/reconciliation  No single reason why this is caused  Child maltreatment: any act of series of acts commission by a parent that results in harm  Child abuse: acts of commission or intentional words or actions that cause harm  Neglect: act of commission, failing to provide for a child  Elder abuse becoming more of a problem Sexual Victimization  Sexual assault & rape o Sexual assault: act of which one person is sexually intimate with another person without their consent o Rape: penetration without the victim’s consent  Aggravated rape: involves one or more attackers  Simple rape: perpetrated by one person o Acquaintance Rape: rapist knows the victim  More common when drugs and alcohol involved o Rape on US campuses  20-25% college women experience o Martial rape  unwanted intercourse obtained without spouse consent  Child sexual abuse o Sexual abuse of children by adults or older children  Includes: sexual conversations, inappropriate kissing, touching, petting, intercourse, and other kinds of sexual interaction  Sexual harassment o Sexual harassment: unwelcome sexual conduct that is related to any condition of employment or evaluation of student performance  If you are being harassed, to do:  Tell harasser to stop, document harassment, try to make sure you aren’t alone when with harasser, complain to higher authority, remember you haven’t done anything wrong  Stalking o Stalking: course of conduct directed to a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear  Sexual contributors to sexual violence o Certain assumptions can promote sexual violence:  Trivialization, blaming the victim, pressure to be macho, male socialization, male misperceptions, situational factors


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