Ch. 8 Notes(FAD2230)
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Maynard on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FAD2230 at Florida State University taught by Ferraro in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views.
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Date Created: 02/24/16
FAD2230 2/10/16 Ch. 8- Love and Loving Relationships Love languages (Gary Chapman) o Words of affirmation o Acts of service o Receiving gifts o Quality time o Physical touch o Do partners always speak the same love language? No but that doesn’t mean they don’t love each other Love is….(definition) o Strong affection for one another arising out of kinship or personal ties o Attraction based on sexual desire o Affection based on admiration, benevolence, or common interests Love is… (Components) o An enduring bond between two or more people (longevity) o Based on affection and emotion (feelings) o Includes a feeling of obligation toward another (element of responsibility) Does relational conflict impact the… o Sustainability of relationships? o Quality of relationships? o Commitment to relationships? Learn about love early in life may be the first thing we learn Attachment Theory o John Bowlby o Mary Ainsworth o How does childhood attachment style develop into a working model of adult romantic relationships? Working models can be thought of as “cognitive maps that permit successful navigation of an organisms environment; unlike maps, however, working models are not static representation but can grow and change. Working models guide an individuals behavior…” o Secure attachment—70% securely attached o Insecure attachment Anxious ambivalent—15% Avoidant—15% Disorganized/fearful—form in abusive relationships Attachment in romantic relationships o Secure attachment “I find it easy to get close to others” Generally don’t worry about being abandoned o Anxious attachment Other people don’t seem to want to get as close as I do o Avoidant attachment I’m not comfortable being close to others o Disorganized/fearful I sometimes worry I will be hurt if I allow myself to become too close to others 2/12/16 Biological Sociobiological—instinct to pass on genes Biochemical perspective Humans are attracted to certain people Then, the brain releases natural chemicals Gives a rush as we experience attraction Dopamine: Naturally produced in our brains; acts upon the pleasure center When people are newly in love, they tend to have higher brain levels of dopamine Oxytocin: the “love” or the “cuddle” hormone Related to feelings of deep friendship, trust, sexuality, love, bonding, and commitment Facilitates nurturing behaviors 3 Micro-level Approaches Triangular Theory of Love (Sternberg) Passion + Intimacy + Commitment Passion—Physical attraction, romance, sexual arousal o Quickest to develop and quickest to fade Intimacy—Closeness and bonding (self-disclosure, respect, trust, warmth) o Develops more slowly Commitment—Determination to develop the relationship (expecting the “good” and the “bad”) o Develops gradually Styles of Love (Lee) Eros—passionate, strong physical attraction Storge—companionate, mutual love, respect and trust Pragma—practical, sensible Ludus—playful carefree, casual Agape—altruistic, kind, patient—theoretical style made by Lee— not seen often because it is completely selfless love Mania—obsessive, possessive, intense Wheel Theory of Love Development (Reiss) Rapport—sharing interests and activities Self-revelation—sharing intimate information Mutual dependency—depend on partner Personality need fulfillment—lives intertwined Macro-Level Approaches Do Americans generally marry their cousins? NO—not culturally acceptable Does your family prepare (or receive) a dowry for (or from) your future in-laws? —No not common in our culture or time period Love: Men vs. Women Who is more likely to o Be looking for a relationship? o Report falling in love sooner? 2/15/16 Love: Men vs. Women o Men are most likely to be looking to relationship/fall in love sooner o Feminization of love- thinking that its all women Women are always trying to find love Do men and women care differently? o Not really, but.. o When we consider Lee’s Styles of love we see that.. Men tend to be more ludus(carefree) Women lean toward storge and pragma(more practical) (Henrick and Hendrick 2009) o Both men and women value psychic and sexual intimacy Do men and women have different attitudes about sex? o The gender similarities hypothesis Only differ in motor skills and elements of sexuality(attitudes- like casual sex and masturbation) o Views on sex Women are looked down on for having more sexual partners and men are encouraged Sex may carry a lot more meaning for women Women are hyper sexualized with very little clothing (bikini, lingerie) and men are sexualized with more clothing (suits) Lingerie football league vs NFL (double standard gender issue) Dress code is not enforced equally (girls must follow dress code in order to not distract guys) o Sexual script- the norms or rules regarding sexual behavior that govern who, what, where, when, how, and why we have sex Lets apply our research plan o Research question theory hypothesis research methodology o RQ- Are there differences in sexual attitudes between undergraduate men and women? o Theory- Symbolic interactionism Feedback loop Roles- women believe they have to be a mother, make their husband happy through sex, looking sexy o Hypothesis- There will be differences between the two o Research Methodology- quantitative/qualitative Quantitative approach Do you and your grandparents have different attitudes about sex? Data analysis and interpretation assignment!
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