Critical Thinking: Week 4
Critical Thinking: Week 4 TVR 251
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Josie Cyrus on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TVR 251 at Ithaca College taught by Ben Crane in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking and Mass Communication in Film at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 02/24/16
Critical Thinking: The Elusive Nature of Truth – Internal Obstacles (cont’d) 2/15/16 – 2/19/16 a. In 2001 NASA goes back up to Mars i. They wanted to put an end to the fuss over “The Face” so they took a closer picture, which shows the spot to be a rough bump on the plant surface. 1. “True believers” thought the new picture, revealing the face to be a rock, was a conspiracy created by the government to hide the truth. II. Be on the alert for enormous patterns, many mistakes can be avoided if you question assumptions. The context of the act effects the creation of the pattern. a. Ex: Devil in the smoke (9/11) III. Physical Obstacles (cont’d) a. Given a steady stimulus; our brain will eventually stop reacting to whatever is continually stimulating it. This is why we can’t/don’t smell our houses or know what we smell like. b. Internal i. Conformity 1. Physiological tendency that makes people like a herd of animals/wanting to fit in. Usually makes people stop looking for the truth when they feel accepted. ii. Denial iii. Prejudice/Stereotyping iv. Selective Perception 1. Selective exposure: Selectively exposing yourself to information 2. Selective attention: Paying attention to selective ideas/resources (recognizing on side of arguments, but not the other) 3. Retention: Memory – remembering the good rather than the bad 4. Comprehension: interpreting information incorrectly/the way you want to. v. Wishful Thinking: Interpreting information not by the actual evidence, but by what we would like to be true. IV. Intellectual Obstacles a. External i. Language – limitations 1. Words are just symbols – they’re not the thing they represent ii. Inapplicability of “truth” 1. Some concepts are not value based iii. Limited Access to information (not being present) 1. Misinformation and sampling errors also apply. 2. Ex: 1989 Cold Fusion & Tasaday people V. Truth a. Definitions i. Transcendent/Spiritual Truth: Knowledge in the mind of God and being one with the universe 1. The Upanishads taught this truth 2. Big “T” truth: has to be accepted on faith ii. Practical Truth: What all the available evidence, interpreted rationally, obliges us to believe. 1. Suggests flexibility and possibility of something else also the truth of science 2. Little “t” truth
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