Notes for 2/22 and 2/24
Notes for 2/22 and 2/24 1101
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicolas Jarrell on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1101 at Ohio State University taught by Professor Vincent Roscigno in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ohio State University.
Reviews for Notes for 2/22 and 2/24
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/24/16
2/22/16 Social Class Stratification The Functionalist Perspective In US Society Emphasis on societal institutions Challenged by very obvious patterns of inequality Societal “Sifting and Sorting” occurs, based on system needs Individuals are ranked according to ability and merit, and place into appropriate positions Rewards are based on the amount of work and effort put in, and the societal importance of the position If we view the world through functionalist lenses, stratification seems ok/ legitimate It is also functional for the whole of society The Conflict Theorists Response The system is not purely merit based Inequalities are where we start from, and in institutional treatment and access along the way Has serious consequences for one’s life chances Some lapses in the merit argument Reward structure and Rules are not neutral or driven by systems needs Those in power shift the award structure to benefit them Ideologies or the belief systems of a society are often disproportionately shared by those in power, typically to their own advantages Stratification systems benefit some at the cost of others, and are indeed struggles within most societies Reality falls between meritocratic system and a system based on institutional biases. Social Mobility the movement of people up or down the stratification system (vertical) Class systems that are more open allow for more movement than caste systems It remains difficult to achieve upward, intergenerational social mobility The Lower Tail Poverty Despite the wealth of resources and opportunities in the US, poverty remains a significant social problem Sociologists discuss two general types of poverty: Absolute poverty in your head, if you imagine truly impoverished, depending on nutrition and other levels of health Relative Poverty poverty line, government decides based on certain necessities of life that are deemed required to live Race, sex, the family you were born into if these impart opportunities, then they make you more or less prone to poverty during your lifetime Economic structural opportunity, shifts and mobility (Structural mobility) Geographic mobility Real implications for everyday life, identities, and within the life course We then watched the rest of the “People Like Us,” 2/24/16 Poverty: A Case in Point Sociologists may have empirical explanations for poverty, but by and large they all fall under one of 2 themes focusing on its systematic and functional nature of inequality The culture of poverty arguments consistent with functionalism Focusing on the hierarchy (social exclusion, institutional processes) consistent with conflict theorists Global Inequality inequality within and between countries Indicators of global inequality and life chances Theories of global inequality Consequences Globalization A process of increased interconnectedness, especially in terms of economics, politics, and culture Has led to massive wealth for some, while others seem to be left further and further behind We can systematically study differences in wealth and power between countries Per person gross national income (GNI) is used as a measure of global inequality High: $12,276 and up Upper Middle: $3,97612,275 Lower Middle: $1,0053,975 Low: $1,005 or less Social sciences have evolved from using first world, second world denominations because of its bias See example 10.1 in book for example of inequality gap Rich vs. Poor: income per measure some sociologists look at economic development per country Global Inequality Using average household income shows huge differences in countries annual population growth less kids usually means a wealthier country due to lower infant mortality rates Other base trademarks of inequality and deprivation: Literacy the majority of the world’s poor are illiterate Nutrition OneThird of the world is undernourished Housing More than 40% of urban dwellers in developing countries live in slums Health the poor have worse health, die younger, and have significantly higher rates of infant and child mortality Explaining Global Inequality Theoretically 1. Modernization Theories functionalist 2. Dependency Theory and World Systems analysis i. Both are conflict oriented Theory and explaining global inequality Focuses on attitudes, geography, culture, and different histories of industrialization certain ethnocentric biases usually neglects power relations and interdependencies Dependency of World System Theories Conflict Power relations and histories= uneven relations, colonialism Emanuel Wallenstein world system theorist 3 classes core= upper class semi periphery= middle class periphery= lower class All interconnected What will Globalization bring? There are many different scenarios Prosperity Consumption Political Stability Global integration Exploitation by more powerful Repression Terrorism/ Political Instability
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'