Coordination and Parallelism
Coordination and Parallelism ENGL 2161
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miranda Tyson on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2161 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Abby Dobbs in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Grammar for Writing in Foreign Language at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Coordination and Parallelism Coordination Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two or more clauses, phrases or words. FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so Ex: Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz effectively tied for second in the South Carolina primary. For the most part, the coordinating units should have the same grammatical structure and syntactic function. Ex: My grandfather was colored, my father was Negro, and I am black. Correlative conjunctions Syntactic units are also joined with correlative conjunctions: Both/and, either/or, neither/nor, not/but, not only/but Correlative conjunctions give greater emphasis to the second unit Ex: The violin brings not only great heartache but also great joy. Correlative conjunctions also connect units that have the same grammatical structure and syntax. Editing for Parallelism Are the units grammatically similar? Full tuition (noun phrase), health insurance (noun phrase), an assistantship stipend (noun phrase) Do units fit in the same slot in the sentence? Each assistantship is valued and includes full tuition, health insurance and assistantship stipend Ex: Each assistantship is valued at 36,000 to 45,000 and includes full tuition, health insurance and an assistantship stipend. Ex: Incorrect- He will probably be admitted to Officer Candidate School because he is young, strong, he can work hard and he has a good education. Ex: Incorrect- Koda is a strikingly handsome dog and loyal. “Koda is a strikingly handsome dog and loyal companion.” Commas Separates two independent clauses conjoined with a coordinate conjunction Ex: Kevin ate a piece of pie, and drank a glass of milk. Separates items in a list, three or more. Semicolon Connects two independent clauses ( of equal) Ex: The advertising flyer came out in today’s paper; the shelves are stocked. Separates conjuncts in a list when those conjuncts contain commas themselves. Ex: I hope to visit the following places: Lima, Peru; Paris, France; and Barcelona. Colon Signals a forthcoming list or explanation Ex: Three features of your writing will be graded: content, organization, and style. A colon must be preceded by a complete sentence (what comes before the colon HAS to be a complete sentence) Dash Set off explanatory or parenthetical information from main sentence. They are often interchangeable with commas or a colon but draw more attention to the parenthetical material. Signals an important break in thought They may be used instead of commas when the parenthetical information contains commas.
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