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PSYC 2110 Week 6 notes

by: AnnaCiara

PSYC 2110 Week 6 notes 2110

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start of exam 3 material
Psychology of Human Sexuality
Seth Kalichman
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by AnnaCiara on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2110 at University of Connecticut taught by Seth Kalichman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at University of Connecticut.


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Date Created: 02/25/16
PSYC 2210 Exam 3 Notes Week 6 Sexual Individuality and Sexual values - Chapter 8 Sexual values  What is important to you? What do you believe, what do you think, and what do you feel Sexuality values and value systems  Influences on our values: parents, peers, religious doctrines, ethnicity, mainstream culture, the appraisal of these sources Sexual values  Sexual attitudes and discrimination: homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia o All can hold phobias about each group o Beliefs can become internalized o Can be bisexual and hold negative beliefs about bisexuality  Form of sexual negativity and discrimination  Values are connected to ethics  Ethical relativism - some values are just true to certain people not others Hedonism - family/subset of values saying if it feels right to you just do it Utilitarianism  If it works do it  More practical subset of values  Value on reasoning and intellect  Sexual values can fit within these values Sexual standard (different than values)  Societal and sociocultural  Not what an individual has for themself (that’s values)  Expectations of society for individuals  There are subsets and families  Ex: Coidal standard o Culturally held belief system that sex in intercourse and sex is the consummate behavior and centralized interaction that downplays other sexual acts  Ex: orgasmic: orgasm placed as central response  Ex: romantic standard: demean sexual interactions that don't happen in the relationship  Ex: protective standard: people will protect each other against STDs  Who is normal? Ethnocentricity erotocentricity  What is normal? Statistical normalcy - rejected when put to a more individualized manner where everything is an expectation o Infrequency does not mean abnormal or wrong  Normalcy by expert opinion  Moral normalcy  A continuum of normalcy: similar to how Kinsley scale is a continuum but can still help to clarify and define sexuality Behaviors that are normal are those that occur between two or more consenting adults in privacy with some caveats It is difficult to impose standards and normality on sexual behavior Sexual rights  Fall within the broader category of human rights  People have the right to express themselves sexually  Sexual freedom  Sexual right of sexual autonomy that people have the right of safety of their body in a sexual context  Right to sexual privacy  Sexual equality  Universally accepted sexual rights  Right to sexually associate freely  Right to make free and responsible reproductive choices  Right to sexual health care is considered a universal human right but also falls under the universal human right to health care Values, opinions, rights - note for self-reflection: where do you stand?  Moments in someone's daily life can influence one's sexual values  Unisex toilets o Speak to our sexual values whether you are comfortable with this or not  Meeting and dating online  Nudity and minimalistic attire o How comfortable are you with yourself/others in this scenario? o This reflects your values and opinions on the subject Sexual Communication Chapter 9 Process of misunderstood communication Sender--> sender's interpretive system --> sender's message --> receiver's interpretive system --> receiver The words that we use to talk about sex reflect a great deal about a culture, time in history, and social values  People switch languages to speak about sexual topics or terms Consider the terms used for male masturbation vs female masturbation  Long list of phrases for male masturbation Developing intimate relationships  Primary relationship  Occurs in infancy  Infants may be pre-wired for facial recognition Attachment theory  Extension of object relations  Primary relationship  Mary ainsworth  John bowlby o Children get anxious when separated from caregivers o Theory led to more psych research 3 kinds of attachment styles for leaving a baby with a stranger  Securely attachment, explore and be independent child occasionally checks back with mother, non-possessive  Anxious-resistant/ambivalent style: upset and clingy, possessive  Avoidant: leave room and distant, uncommitted Adult parallels to infant attachments  Securely attachment: explorative, non-possessive  Anxious-resistant/ambivalent style: clingy, possessive  Avoidant: distant, uncommitted  Low avoidance Secure preoccupied Low anxiety<----------------------------->high anxiety Dismissive-avoidant fearful-avoidant  High avoidance Maintaining loving relationships  Sternberg's triangular theory of love o Intimacy- experience of warmth that arises from closeness to another person o Passion - includes sexual desire component, physical desire and arousal and sensuality o Commitment - bondedness in the sense of exclusivity, long and short term commitment o Inner part of the triangle - consummate o Liking kind of love is intimacy only (loving another person like a friend, passion and commitment is low) o Infatuation when passion is high but intimacy and commitment is low o Empty love - only commitment but lack of intimacy and passion o Intimacy and passion = romantic love o Companionate love - high in intimacy and commitment but not passion o Infatuous love - high passion and commitment but not a lot of intimacy (lacks depth) o Consummate love is the full component that is high is high in all 3 in a way that balances all 3 Biology of love  hormones and their relation to emotion and relationships  Oxytocin o Hormone secreted from pituitary o Released during physical intimacy o Important in sexual response o Associated with sexual satisfaction and orgasm  Pheromones o like hormones but have a scent o Important in mating behavior in a lot of animals o In human relationships it is controversial whether is has a role o Place some of the role some of the time o No clear universal definitive role like there is for other species o We can associate smells with sexual activity and also attraction  Establishing sensual and sexual intimacy o Touching o Relaxation o Being a participant  Jealousy o Large role in relationships o Can produce sense of mistrust o Love, anger, resentment, violence o Jealousy is often at play in relationship violence o Issues of self-worth often at play o Sense of fearfulness and rejection o Emotion with a large biological component  Stress hormones involved in jealous reactions


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