Guide to Public Speaking
Guide to Public Speaking COMM 1071
Popular in Introduction to Public Speech
Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lex McLaughlin on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 1071 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Professor Ingham in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Public Speech in Journalism and Mass Communications at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
1 Chapter 13: The Informative Speech The process: 1 starting to know who you are, where, when, and why to speak 2 researching accurately, currently, and suitably with understanding materials 3 creating by an outline to create a preparation outline, including a source page to create a delivery 4 presenting and using language effectively, concretely, and appropriately in order to be confident, natural, and enthusiastic when presenting AIDS and delivery 5 listening and evaluating with being an effective and active listener engaged appropriately and think critically Informative speaking: gives the audience complete new knowledge, skills and understanding about the topic undefinably Speech to describe usually describes an object Speech to explain defines concepts and issues Speech to instruct teaches or demonstrates a process Speech to report oral briefing Choosing a focused informative topic: 1 know the audience and situation with surveys, interviews, and reviews by brainstorms Audience: need to know and right to know, demographics, nationalities Situation: purpose of audience, speaker's relationship to event, time consideration, audience expectations and influences I'm topic 2 create an Informative Idea Bank: Consider personal history, the audience, setting, and the audience Use paper to be efficient Begin potential topics 3 2 Select and Narrow Topic: 1. Topic of informative general purpose? 2. Comfortable topics? 3. Appropriate for situation and audience? 4. Topic give complete new knowledge? 5. Which topic would listeners like better? 4 Determine the best type of informative speech: Label your topic as an object, person, animal, place, event, concept, issue, or process Considering the audience's needs helps too 5 Identify Your Specific Purpose: The single statement, merging the general purpose, your audience, and your speech objective 6 Identify the Central Idea: The thesis or summary of what you exactly want to say in your informative speech You can always refine the idea 7 Creating a Working Outline: o The connections that's develop your goal: Main points are concise and declarative in sentences The main points I'm the central idea may be subject to change o Conducting Research: Select the languagelevel appropriate for audience Find the interesting materials the audience can understand Multiple perspectives for complex topics Cite the materials and pages correctly o Constructing a Formative Outline: Most instructors ask for you to complete the preparation 3 outline or the fullsentence or formal outline Nonlinear (doesn't bounce back to refer) Full sentences One point per outline Main points are parallel o Main points relate to central idea o Sub points relate to the point that they follow o Don't directly state the specific purpose btw o No hats o Less notecards (more speaking) o Time aware for limit Chapter 9: Delivering Your Speech The elements of vocal delivery: Pitch high and low voice, avoid monotone and use inflection for variety Volumeloud and soft voice according the audience's cues and expectations Ratespeed of speaking, which should be indicated to influence the audience Pause for the audience's attention and control and remove filers: ah, you know, I'm, and like Varietyrate, pitch, and volume vary as a necessity to an effective speech Pronunciationinfluence the audience's listening skills 4 Articulation warm up your voice and enunciate or distinct clarity of words that aren't tied together inappropriately Dialect how a particular group of people use language to maintain individual and cultural identity The elements of physical delivery: Appearance improves your ethos and supports your message Eye contact for audience focus and feedback do not become: The bobber (briefly and sequenced eye contact) The stargazer (above and beyond) The obsessor (one person) The obliterator (one side only looked at during presentation) Facial expression Gestures/emblems: direct verbal translation, illustratorsdirectly linked gestures on topics Movement depends on the needs, topic, audience, and occasion Posturesignificantly influences ethos and thoughts and feelings to the audience The methods of delivery: Extemporaneous most common, speaking with the audience and not at them Manuscript verbatim as possible to deliver a concise speech, politicians, government officials, leaders, broadcasters Memorized fully committed to memory Impromptu mostly improv; lest prepared when given a limited moment's notice How do you rehearse an extemporaneous speech? Read aloud the preparation outline 5 Prepare delivery outline Prepare presentation AIDS Practice multiple times Do a final "dress rehearsal" (desired appearance for speaker before the day of presenting to be safe in time approaching) Prepare for questions (from the audience and self) How to prepare for the day of the speech: o *Have resources prepared before the day of the speech*
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