POLA 2100: 23-25 Feb Notes
POLA 2100: 23-25 Feb Notes Pola 2100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayden McKenzie on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pola 2100 at Tulane University taught by Robert Worth in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see American government in Political Science at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Political Parties vs. Interest Groups Political parties run candidates under their label Interest groups endorse candidates but don’t actually nominate anyone Two-party system Hundreds of parties exist but only two have control Too many parties would be chaos Two parties simplify the process Two parties provide organization (overcome collective action problems) Parties give us something to choose from Candidates use parties to their advantage as a support system (used to be the other way around) Overall goal of a party: win elections Founders – did not like “factions” (parties) because they thought the country would be divided and that there would be tyranny of the majority Ideological distance between parties has never been greater (measurements come from Congressional vote) Polarization Republicans have become more conservative (most conservative in the history of the US) Southern Democrats – more conservative than Northern Democrats, exists because they did not want to be a part of Lincoln’s party, economically liberal but socially conservative (racial beliefs), have shifted left recently because of Southern realignment Southern realignment – after Civil War Southern states were strictly Democrat, started shifting to Republican Why are Republicans more conservative – political scientists do not know for sure, possible explanation: waves of immigration since the 1970s so more poverty, people feel richer even though their incomes did not increase and became more economically conservative Defining feature of parties: polarization (probably unprecedented, asymmetrical, began in 1970s) Difficult to meet in the middle Mass public – not ideological, would not look as polarized as parties Demographics “doom” republicans – whites will not be a majority in the US soon, Republican party appeals to whites, Donald Trump preventing appeal to minorities Voting preferences Older people more likely to be Republican and millennials more likely to be Democrat Although there are more Democrats, some people claim to be Democrat and vote strictly Republican or don’t vote People of higher socioeconomic status tend to vote more Republican People with greater education tend to vote more Democrat There is a huge gap with more women voting Democrat (abortion, planned parenthood, equal pay, social safety nets, and women’s rights in general) Huge gap for white Protestants voting Republican Blacks, even Protestant, vote overwhelmingly Democrat (most stable partisan gap) Urban areas are more Democrat, and rural areas are more Republican (more Republican based on land area) Hispanics are typically more Democratic (unstable because people inherit partisanship and a lot of Hispanics are immigrants, there are also many socially conservative Hispanics) Third parties There is a growing support for third parties Third parties simply are not going to win elections 2000 election – green party took away votes from the democrats and caused Bush to win Single member district plurality system – winner takes all (candidate must win a majority in general election), even if a third party candidate had a lot of support he or she still will not have a majority, there is no room for a third party, some other democracies have proportional representation but our system favors two parties
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